"And now I mount above the sands,

And in amazement see

The mighty works now carried on

At Saltburn by the Sea.

 

I gazed delighted on the scene

And found it soon moved me,

To write a book, a little book

On Saltburn by the Sea."

 

John Farndale, 'A Guide to Saltburn by the Sea' 1862

 

Saltburn-by-the-Sea

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The Farndales of Saltburn by the Sea

 

William Farndale (FAR00243), Agricultural labourer in Brotton and a cartman of Saltburn

 

George Farndale (FAR00540)

 

Grace Farndale (FAR00566)

 

 

John Farndale, son of John and Grace Farndale, baptised Brotton 24 Mar 1749/50 (FAR00167) wrote a booklet ‘A Guide to Saltburn By The Sea’.

 

John Farndale wrote a small guidebook to the area in 1864 noting that Saltburn was but an `embryo`, but he complimented the Improvement Company, noting that they already made substantial progress as `already the hand of improvement has effected (sic) a revolution at this place`

 

Farndale, John, A Guide To Saltburn By The Sea and the Surrounding District With Remarks on Its Picturesque Scenery, (Darlington: Hird, 1864)

Saltburn-by-the-Sea is a seaside town in Redcar and Cleveland, North Yorkshire, England (and formerly part of the North Riding of Yorkshire), around 12 miles (19 km) south east of Hartlepool. It has a population of around 6,000.

 

The development of Middlesbrough and Saltburn was driven by the discovery of iron stone in the Cleveland Hills and the building of two railways to transport the minerals.

 

Old Saltburn

 

Old Saltburn is the original settlement, located in the Saltburn Gill. Records are scarce on its origins, but it was a centre for smugglers, and publican John Andrew is referred to as 'king of smugglers'.

 

In 1856, the hamlet consisted of the Ship Inn and a row of houses, occupied by farmers and fishermen. In the mid-18th century, authors Laurence Sterne and John Hall-Stevenson enjoyed racing chariots on the sands at Saltburn

 

Early development

 

The Pease family of Darlington developed Middlesbrough as an industrial centre and, after discovery of iron stone, the Stockton & Darlington Railway and the West Hartlepool Harbour and Railway Company developed routes into East Cleveland. By 1861, the S&DR reached Saltburn with the intention of continuing to Brotton, Skinningrove and Loftus but the WHH&RCo had already developed tracks in the area, leaving little point in the extending the S&DR tracks further.

 

In 1858, while walking along the coast path towards Old Saltburn to visit his brother Joseph in Marske, Henry Pease saw a prophetic vision of a town arising on the cliff and the quiet, unfrequented and sheltered glen turned into a lovely garden. The Pease family owned Middlesbrough Estate and had control of the S&DR, and agreed to develop Henry's vision by forming the Saltburn Improvement Company (SIC).

 

Land was purchased from the Earl of Zetland, and the company commissioned surveyor George Dickinson to lay out what became an interpretation of a gridiron street layout, detracted from by the railway which ran through the site. With as many houses as possible having sea views, the layout was added to by the so-called Jewel streets along the seafront—Coral, Garnet, Ruby, Emerald, Pearl, Diamond and Amber Streets, said to be a legacy of Henry's vision.

 

After securing the best positions for development by the SIC, money was raised for construction by selling plots to private developers and investors. Most buildings are constructed using 'Pease' brick, transported from Darlington by the S&DR, with the name Pease set into the brick. The jewel in Henry Pease's crown is said to have been The Zetland Hotel with a private platform, one of the world's earliest railway hotels.

 

The parcel of land known as Clifton Villas was sold by the Saltburn Improvement Company (SIC) in 1865 to William Morley from London who built the property, 'The Cottage' (now Teddy's Nook) on a site originally intended for 3 villas. The SIC stipulated on the land in the deed of covenant, that any trees planted along Britannia Terrace (now Marine Parade) were not to exceed 1' 6" above the footpath to preserve sea views for Britannia Terrace residents and visitors.

 

The Redcar to Saltburn Railway opened in 1861 as an extension of the Middlesbrough to Redcar Railway of 1846. The line was extended to Whitby as part of the Whitby Redcar and Middlesbrough Union Railway.

 

Saltburn Cliff Lift

 

The Saltburn Cliff Lift is one of the world's oldest water-powered funiculars—the oldest being the Bom Jesus funicular in Braga, Portugal. After the opening of Saltburn Pier in 1869, it was concluded that the steep cliff walk was deterring people from walking from the town to the pier. After the company was taken over by Middlesbrough Estates in 1883, they discovered that the wooden Cliff Hoist had a number of rotten supports.

 

The Saltburn tramway, as it is also known, was developed by Sir Richard Tangye's company, whose chief engineer was George Croydon Marks. The cliff tramway opened a year later and provided transport between the pier and the town. The railway is water-balanced and since 1924 the water pump has been electrically operated. The first major maintenance was carried out in 1998, when the main winding wheel was replaced and a new braking system installed.

 

Saltburn Pier

 

Saltburn's attractions include a Grade II* renovated pier, the only pleasure pier on the whole of the Northeast and Yorkshire coast.

 

Notable people

 

Grandson of the naturalist Charles Darwin, Erasmus Darwin IV lived in Albion Terrace (1911 census). He served in the First World War and was killed in 1915. He is commemorated on the town's war memorial. Speed record breaker Sir Malcolm Campbell set his first speed record (138.08 mph-unofficial) while driving Blue Bird on Saltburn Sands on 17 June 1922. Deep Purple and Whitesnake lead vocalist David Coverdale grew up in the Red Lodge on Marine Parade, now known as Red Gables and is now a United States citizen.[18] American astronaut Nicholas Patrick was born in Saltburn. Professional footballers and football managers George Hardwick, Tony Mowbray and Graeme Murty were all born in Saltburn.