Life at Kilton before emigration
Farndale was one of twin sons born at Kilton Hall
and baptised at The Parish Church, Brotton, on 3
November 1973. The other twin was William. Mathew and William were the third
and fourth children of William and Mary Farndale of Kilton
Hall Farm, Kilton. Kilton
was then a village of some 120 inhabitants. Matthew's elder brothers were
George (born 1789) and John (born 1971). There were to be four more children,
Mary (b 1796), Martin (b 1798), Anna (b 1801) and Elizabeth (b 1804).
We know very little about Matthew's life at Kilton and he is not mentioned at all in his brother
John's book about Kilton. However
he would be brought up on the farm, go to school in the village or possibly
at Brotton and go to church regularly. His parents
were churchgoers and about the turn of the century became methodists.
There is no evidence that he ever left the farm as he grew up. In 1816 his
father took a farm at Easby for his elder brother
George and another at Skelton for his next elder brother John. This left
Matthew with his father William and his younger brother Martin at the Hall
Farm Kilton. As he grew uo
(he would be 23 when his elder brother left home) he clearly did more at Kilton. His name first appears in the Kilton
Church Rates Book in `1829 as paying more rates than his father. He paid 8/9d
and his father 7/9 3/4d. This would indicate that he was now in charge at Kilton aged 36. 1829 was also the year he was married. On
13 May 1829 Matthew Farndale of Kilton married
Hannah Thompson of Sleights at the Parish Chapelry Brotton,
indicating a methodist marriage. They were married
by licence with consent of their parents by William Close, the Minister. Both
signed in the presence of Ann Thompson, Elizabeth Seller and Richard
Thompson. In 1831 their eldest daughter, MARY ANN was born and baptised at Brotton on 6 April 1831.
In 1831 also his twin brother William died of
typhus fever. There is an obituary to him in the Methodist Records which
21st at Kilton: In the Stokesley Circuit in his
37th year, Mr William Farndale Junior. He was of an open disposition and of
studious habits. About the year 1815 a revival of the work of God took place
in the neighbourhood where he resided. When he was acquianted
with his condition as a sinner and sought and found the Lord to the joy of
his heart. He then listed himself to the Wesleyan Methodists and became very
useful among them as an exhorter and local preacher. The complaint typhus
fever which terminated his mortal exitsence,
considerably affected his mind, yet when he recollected he expressed strong
confidence in God."
He was buried at Brotton
on 23 October and his tombstone still stands in Brotton
In 1832 ELIZABETH, second daughter to Matthew
and Hannah was born at Kilton and baptised at Brotton on 5 April 1832. The situation at Kilton at this stage is not quite clear but as William
got older Matthew began to take over, particularly after his marriage in
1829. His younger brother Martin married Elizabeth Hours at the Chapel, Brotton on 18 May 1833. There were three families living
at the Hall; William & Mary; Matthew and Hannah and their two children;
and Martin and Elizabeth. Somewhere about this time their elder brother
George returned from Easby and in 1839 John's wife
Martha had died at Skelton but he did not return to Kilton
Both his younger sisters Mary and Elizabeth had died and Anna was married,
living at Seamer, in 1841.
From 1838 to 1850, Matthew is shown as a farmer
at Kilton and with his brother Martin on the
Register of Voters. Then at the census of 1841 we read: "Matthew
Farndale, a farmer of Kilton aged 45, Hannah his
wife aged 30, Mary Ann his daughter aged 10 and Elizabeth his daughter aged
8." However this census shows Matthew and his
family at Kilton Hall, Martin and Elizabeth at
Stank House nearby and William and Mary at Brotton.
Matthew signed the 1841 Census for Kilton.
On 25 March 1843 Matthew's mother Mary died at Brotton and was buried in Brotton
Old Churchyard on 28 March 1843 aged 81 years. It appears that old William
now went to live with his daughter Anna at Seamer for it was here that he
died on 5 March 1846 aged 86, a farmer who died of old age in the presence of
his son in law, William Phillips. In his will he left "All my money upon
note and other securities unto my said son Matthew Farndale ...... my said
son Matthew Farndale, my sole executor".
William expected Matthew to take over the farm at his death. We can only
guess what was going through Matthew's mind however.
It seems that he was not prepared to let down is father
but it seems that he did not want to spend the rest of his life at Kilton. Events went as follows. He was clearly at Kilton until 1849 as the following entries show:
6 Jun 1843 Martin & Matthew Kilton lane Repairs
31 Aug 1843 Matthew Swindles, loading stores
11 Dec 1843 Martin & Matthew Gripping stones
18 Mar 1844 Martin & Matthew Cutting snow
22 May 1844 Matthew Loading stones at Kilton Quarry 2/-
29 Jun 1844 Matthew & Martin Repair Cowhill Lane 2/- each
3 Feb 1845 Matthew Repair Cowhill
24 Mar 1845 Matthew Cutting stones How Lane,
cutting stones Kilton Lane, 2/- each lane"
There are also light entries in 1842 and 1843
for the provision of horses by Matthew for work on the roads, mainly How Lane
and Mill Beck. He was paid for these sometimes teams of 1, 2 or 3 horses. In
1843 the Rate Assessments @ 6d in the £ showed his brother @ £212, George
(now returned from Easby) @ £208 and Matthew @
£164, giving him a rateable value of £6,560.
The Kilton accounts
show Matthew as paying a rent of £100 for the first time in 1834. In the
Estate list of Freeholders Tithe for Brotton,
Matthew was shown as renting a farm at Kilton in
1843 and 1845 and Townend Farm in 1849. Also in 1849
is the entry:
"1849 John Marshal, Townend Farm, late
This would appear to be the year that Matthew
and his family left Kilton. His farm with details
of his fields are shown on the Tithe map for Kilton
The census of 1851 showed Martin and George, a
widower at Kilton and Mathew had moved to Hallgarth Farm, Kildale, a farm
of 150 acres and 2 labourers. He aged 57 and Hannah 43; Mary Ann his daughter
aged 19 and Elizabeth 17. Richard Thompson was a servant unmarried aged 51,
presumably his brother in law and they had a lodger, William Horsley aged 28.
Farndales who emigrated to Australia
of James Farndale
Another Farndale family who emigrated to
Australia, were James
Neville Farndale (FAR00876) and Cecilia White who moved to Australia in
1955 (email from their nephew Tony White)
Farndale (FAR00903), married Kathleen Moira Gourlay
at Guisborough on 9 Jul 1949 and St Patrick’s church, Thornaby. Lived in
Australia after 1964
James Farndale, son of Clifford
and Kathleen (nee Gourlay) Farndale (FAR00903),
born 16 Aug 1949 at Thornaby.
James Farndale registered Cleveland District
Jul-Sep 1949 MMN Gourlay
James Farndale, married Vanessa Janet Moss at Whyalla South Australia on 2 Sep 1972.
Leonie Ellen Farndale, born Nov 1975 in
Paul James Farndale, born 19 Jul 1980 in
Now living in South Australia
MB Farndale (Bob), (FAR00958) son of Arthur
Farndale (FAR00706), born Hendon District 1939 now living in Brisbane,
Farndale (FAR01038) emigrated to South Australia
Emigration to Australia
We do not know what it was that made Matthew and
Hannah decide to emigrate to Australia. Perhaps they had been thinking of
this for some time, but whatever the reason it was a major undertaking to
look for a new life at the age of 57 and to leave his family and all that he
knew. Before leaving Kildale their eldest daughter
Mary Ann married William Martin of Kildale who had been a butler at Ingleby Manor.
The Argo left Liverpool on 8 October 1852.
Onboard were Matthew (59), Hannah, his wife (45), Elizabeth (19) their
youngest daughter and Mary Ann (23) and her husband William Martin (23).
It is hard to reconstruct what happened, all the
feelings and emotions and the excitement of their departure. They would know
little of Australia - had they met a returning emigrant? They were not
looking for gold or a fortune, but simply a new life. They knew of the perils
of the journey, but for whatever reasons, they left. forever.
We must presume that they travelled to Liverpool
by a combination of railway and stage coach. It is unlikely that there was
any family to see them off, but their feelings must have been of great
trepidation as the Argo sailed out of Liverpool. Little remains now of what
they took with them but we know they took a pillow
case woven from flax from Kilton which is still
with descendants in Australia. We know they took their feather beds and
Emigrants, Liverpool Harbour in the 1850s
prepare to board the Bourneuf at Liverpool
Emigration depot in 1852. During its voyage, 88 passengers were to die of
consumption, diarrhoea, measles and other diseases
Pettit emailed me in August 2004 and gave me this information:
Just happened upon your website when searching
for the passenger list of the “Argo”. My great-great-grandfather & his
son were also on the ship as part of a party of 10
travelling from Ireland to Melbourne.
I have attached a few images which may be
of interest to you.
•A poster/information sheet promoting the voyage
(departing Sept 20).
•A ticket which shows the actual departure date
was 10 Nov 1852. This ticket lists the 6 males in the party – I have a
separate ticket which list the 4 females.
•A photo of an Argo sailing ship. I found this
in the State Library, Melbourne. However there were
several sailing ships called Argo during the 1800’s and I have not been able
to confirm that this is the one we are talking about.
•I also have some small details about the voyage
somewhere, but I will have to dig those out if your are interested.
I jumped onto the Public Records Office site and
found the Farndales on the passenger index for the Argo. Interesting to see
that the spelling “Farndall” and some ages listed
are different from your website. Not unusual though as my ancestors
names were listed as “Petitti” instead of “Pettit”.
As to the Argo, the LaTrobe
Library in Melbourne has a hand written volume by Thomas Edgar RIDDLE called
“T.......... of British Ships in the Melbourne Trade – Year 1853”. The Argo
is mentioned on pages 15 & 16. The rations provided to passengers were
quite good for the time (see the poster I sent yesterday for details) and
only 2 people died during the voyage – brothers named Custon
The Argo was a chartered American ship on its
first voyage to Melbourne. The voyage lasted 100 days arriving in Melbourne
of 19 January 1853. It departed Melbourne on March 25, 1853, for Callas.
Argo Black Star
Sailing ship of 967 tons built in New
York. Used on the Liverpool to New Orleans route. Also used by Caleb Grimshaw
and Co on the Liverpool to Melbourne route in 1852.
There was a wealth of information about the Argo
and Caleb Grimshaw, the Company which owned it, at
http://www.grimshaworigin.org/CalebGrimshawCompany.htm (no longer exists
though), including Andrew Pettit's information about the 1842 sailing to
Melbourne - in particular you will find the advertisement for the sailing
Also www.birdsinthetree.com gives this
information: passenger on ship Argo 967 tons, master Samuel Macadock, sailing from Liverpool with 242 passengers to
Melbourne departed 8 October 1852 and arrived 19 January 1853; passengers
FARNDALL Matthew, 40 yrs, English; FARNDALL Hannah
40 years, English; FARNDALL Elizabeth, 19 years, English; MARTIN William, 23
years English, MARTIN Mary Anne, 21 years, English.
must have first spent some time in Melbourne, first renting a house, hut or
tent; there were only a few permanent buildings. Here they would enquire
after land. They would have heard much of gold - the gold rush was in full
cry. However they decided against it. Someone
advised them to move west to Western Victoria around Colac.
There was not much there; it was a risk; but they took it. It was a land of
bush, huge gum trees, scrub, native wattle huts and bracken. There were no
roads so they must assemble stores, equipment and prepare to move. They would
probably have had a large wagon hauled by bullocks and a few horses. They
would have found their way across country, crossing rivers where they could,
until they came to Geelong - perhaps 60 miles the way they would have to go -
this would have taken about a week. They would camo outdoors listening to the
starnge sounds of a strange land., particularly the
birds. The most unusual would be the kookoburra
with its hearty laugh, but magpies would remind them of Yorkshire. The land
and the sky, with the southern cross would all be new, strange and different.
They would see signs of aborigines who still lived in the area and were not
always friendly to the white invaders. The heat of the day would be much more
than anything they had ever experienced before and the terrible insects and
flies. They would have been dirty and weary, the women in their long skirts
sweeping the ground when they rested at Winchelsea. Then on to Colac where they must have stayed sometime looking for
1853 from below Princes Bridge
As the years
passed the farm grew. William Martin would take their produce to Ballarat and
Geelong and buy provisions; a long cross country
journey lasting many days. Cows and pigs were added
and the farm buildings extended in size until it resembled a Yorkshire farm
house. Sadly the whole property was destroyed by a
bush fire in 1901 when all Western Victoria was set alight.
The Martin's first child was born on 19 December
1853 - Elizabeth Clarissa Teresa. Marion Amelia Susanna followed in 1856 and
Anna Maria in 1858. Their first son John Matthew was born in 1860 and Alfred
Miro Vitericus in 1863. Ada Melinda was born in
1864, Mary Matilda in 1867 and Martin Edgar, the youngest in 1869. John and
Alfred took up farming in the BoomaNoomanah area.
Old Matthew was to see his second daughter
Elizabeth marry William Darby and several of his daughter Mary Ann's family
marry before his death making him a great grandfather.
In 1870 the railway reached Colac
and Birregurra in 1877. Matthew died at Birregurra on 8 August 1884 aged 90 and Hannah, his
widow, died on 9 December 1892 aged 85 years. Their memorial stands today at Warncourt, Birragurra,
Australia. But they also have a memorial in Yorkshire, England when their
nephew Charles added Mathew's name to the memorial of his twin brother
William. In a letter Marion Hall wrote: "Matthew Farndale died on 8
August 1884 at his home in Birregurra aged 91
leaving his widow of half a century, his faithful loving wife to lament his
loss, and his friends to tell of his earnest and gentle Christian life. He
left behind him a blessed memory bequeathing to his children and their
children the priceless legacy of a holy Christian example. Ann, wife of his
nephew Charles Farndale of Kilton Hall put his name
on the family tombstone, beside the name of his twin brother, William, in Brotton churchyard which states:
"Memorial of William, son of William and Mary
Farndale died 21 October 1831 aged 33 and also to Mathew Farndale twin
brother of the above of Birregurra, Australia who
died 8 August 1884 aged 90 years. Also Hannah his
widow who died Dec 9 1892 aged 85 years."
A much more recent newspaper article reads:
was Not Too Old
In these days when so much emphasis is being
placed on the importance of youth in business and national affairs, it is
interesting to quote an example of earlier history of this district of a man
whose enterprise, courage and energy had not become extinguished at an age
when people now regard them as worn out. This man was the late Matthew
Farndale one of the very first trustees of the Warncoort
Methodist Church referred to in the recent ceremony at Warncoort.
From the Dales of Yorkshire, where his ancestors
had been on the land for centuries, Mr Farndale made up his mind to come to
this distant southern land, thenin its infancy. And
so, more than a century ago, accompanied by is two
daughters, his wife and his son-in-law he sailed twelve thousand miles in
three months to make a new home. The son-in-law married one of his daughters
at the last minute when he decided also to take part in the great adventure.
Mr Farndale was buried in the Warncoort cemetary in 1882. He was aged 90 when he died. He left
England when he was 62 years of age. At Warncoort
on Sunday a descendant placed a wreath on the grave of a great-grandfather
she had never seen."