Yeoman farmer of Skelton

 

 John Farndale wrote extensively about Kilton and Saltburn by the Sea

 

John Farndale
15 August 1791 to 28 January 1878 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FAR00217

 

 

 

  

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Born

 

John Farndale, son of William & Mary Farndale (FAR00183) of Kilton, baptised 9 October 1791, Brotton.

(Brotton PR & IGI)

www.birdsinthetree.com indicates DOB 15 August 1791


Married:

John Farndale of the Parish of Skelton and Martha Patton of this (Yarm) Parish were married by licence with the consent this 18th Day of May in the year 1829 by me John Graves, Curate. This marriage was solemnised between us, John Farndale and Martha Patton in the presence of Rob Coulson and Elizabeth Patton.

www.birdsinthetree.com indicates this John Farndale married Ann Nicholson on 12 December 1813 at the age of 22

 

 

Family

William Masterman Farndale, born Skelton 24 Mar 1831 (FAR00312).

 

Mary Farndale, born Stockton 1832 (FAR00316).

Elizabeth Farndale, born Skelton 5 May 1832 (FAR00319).

Teresa Farndale, born Skelton 5 Dec 1833 (FAR00325).

Annie Maria Farndale, born Skelton 9 Jun 1835 (FAR00334).

John George Farndale, born Skelton 27 Nov 1836 (FAR00337).

Charles Farndale, born Skelton 27 Feb 1838 (FAR00341).

 

His son, Charles Farndale's birth certificate in 1838 shows John was then living in Skelton and occupied as a farmer (MC & IGI).

Emma Farndale, born Skelton 20 Dec 1839 (FAR00346).

(Skelton PR)

 

 

Lived

 

John Farndale, yeoman farmer, living at Skelton 1822 and 1833.

 

Skelton Parish Church Warden’s Accounts 1825 -1840;

1825 Assessment for bread and wine at 8s per

              house and 12d per oxgang;

              John Farndale @ 1 Oxgang...........5s 6d.

1826 Assessment @ 2s 6d per house and 1s

               8d per oxgang;

               John Farndale @ 4 oxgangs.........7s 6d.

               George Farndale @ 1/2 oxgang...1s 9d.

               (His brother 215?).

1827 Assessments @ 2s 6d per house and 1s

                3d per oxgang;

                John Farndale, 4 oxgangs............7s 6d.

1828 Assessments @ 1s 6d per house and 1s

                per oxgang;

                John Farndale, 4 oxgangs............5s 6d.

1829 Assessments @ 1s 6d per house and 6d

                per oxgang;

                John Farndale, 4 oxgangs.............3s 0d.

                (Year of his marriage).

1830 Assessments; 1st class house 1s; 2nd

                class house 6d and 3d per oxgang;

                John Farndale 4 oxgangs/2nd class

                 house..........................................1s 2d.

1831 Assessments; 1st class house 1s; 2nd

                 class house 6d and 3d per oxgang;

                 John Farndale, 4 oxgangs/1st class

                 house..........................................2s 0d.

(Skelton PR)

Rates altered marginally and John Farndale paid 3s in 1832; 4s in 1833; 5s in 1834 and 1835; 4s 6d in 1836; 4s in 1837 and 1838[ 3s in 1839. His name is crossed out in 1840. His wife died in December 1839 and he is next shown in the census as being in Durham.

Baines' Directory)


Wife’s death

Martha, wife of John Farndale of Coatham-Stob buried aged 39 on 9 Dec 1839. (Therefore born 1800).

(DR)

Obituary:

‘Dec 6th. At Coatham-Conyers, in Stockton Circuit, Matha, the wife of John Farndale. She was truly converted to God in the twenty sixth year of her age; and from that period she was a consistent member of the Wesleyan Society. Her death was rather sudden but she was found ready. Aware of her approaching dissolution she said, ‘This is the mysterious Providence; but what I know not now, I shall know hereafter.’ Some of her last words were, ‘Tell my dear husband for his encouragement, that I am going to Jesus. How necessary it is to live life for God? Oh Lord help me that I may have strength to leave a clear testimony that I am gone to Jesus.’ It was enquired, ‘Do you feel Jesus present?’ She replied, ‘Yes,’ and soon fell asleep in Him.’ MJ.

(Methodist magazine, 1840, page 172)

Martha Farndale's death registered Stockton District Oct-Dec 1839


 

Lived

 

(GRO Vol 24 page 148 (1837 online) )

Census 1841 - Stockton - Long Newton:

John Farndale, age 45, farmer, not born in Durham (ie 1790)

William Farndale, age 10, not born in Durham (ie 1831) (FAR00312).

Mary Farndale, age 9, not born in Durham (ie 1832) (FAR00316).

Teresa Farndale, age 8, not born in Durham (ie 1833) (FAR00325).

John Farndale, age 5, not born in Durham (ie 1836) (FAR00337).

Charles Farndale, age 3, not born in Durham (ie 1838) (FAR00341).

Also:

John Farndale, servant age 15 (ie born 1826) (FAR00287).

Matthew Farndale, servant age 12 (ie born 1829) (FAR00297).

John Farndale, farmer, age 42 (ie born 1799) (FAR00240).

Elizabeth Farndale, age 45 (ie born 1796) (FAR00???).


Census 1851 - Danby End;

John Farndale, Head; widower; age 60; Ag Lab; born Kilton (ie born 1791).


Census 1861 Danby;

John Farndale, Head; Widower; age 66; Ag Lab; born Kilton (ie born 1795!).


Census 1871 Stokesley - Back lane;

John Farndale, Head; widower; age 79; Insurance Agent; born Brotton. (ie born 1792)

Also living with him;

Joseph D Blackburn, grandson; born Furness Lanes.

(DC/Brotton PR)

 

In 1870, in The History of the Ancient Hamlet of Kilton-in-Cleveland, printed by W Rapp, Dundas Street, Saltburn 1870 (see further below), he wrote:

 

 

"My first remembrance began in my nurse's arms when I could not have been more than 1 1/2 years old; a memory as vivid as if it were yesterday. She took me out on St Stephen's Day 1973 into the current Garth (a small enclosure) with a stick and 'solt' to kill a hare. A great day at the time”. Another time (after celebrating the victory of Trafalgar, 1805) he was dangling head foremost down the draw well hanging by the buckle of his shoe. He goes on to describe a very happy childhood and he clearly adored his mother. "At this time I believe I loved God and was happy."

 

 

He remembered "an old relation of my father" (there were several in Kilton at that time) remarking that his elder brother George was a "prodigal son", while John was the son at home with his father. But he describes how he got up to many frolics and had some narrow escapes, although he was no drunkard or swearer.

His parents, he said, "were strict Church people and kept a strict look out. I became leader of the (Brotton) church signers, clever in music" and he excelled his friends. He had a close friend, a musician in the church choir. One day he met him and said he had been very ill and had been reading a lot of books including "Aeleyn's Alarum" and others "which nearly made my hair stand on end." . His friend told him that he was going to alter his way of life and if John would not refrain from his revelries, he would "be obliged to forsake your company.". "That was a nail in a sure place. I was ashamed and grieved as I thought myself more pious than he. Now I began to enter a new life as suddenly at St Paul's but with this difference, he was in distress for three days and nights but for me it was three months". He fasted all Lent and describes his torment. "How often I went onto the hill with my Clarinet to play my favourite tune."

 

Alleyn’s Alarm was a pious text from the time:

 



His companion lived one mile away (at Brotton perhaps?) and they met half way every Sunday morning at 6am for prayer. He remembered well meeting in a corner of a large grass field. George (Sayer) began and he followed. When they finished they opened their eyes to see "a rough farm lad standing over us, no doubt a little nervous. Next day this boy said to others in the harvest field 'George Sayer and John Farndale are two good lads for I found them in a field praying.' " On the following Sunday they moved to a small wood and met under an oak tree and met an old man who wanted to join them. As usual George began and John continued when the old man began to roar in great distress


 

Died

John Farndale aged 86 years, Gentleman, died of senile debility at Kilton. Charles Farndale, son was present at the death 28 Jan 1878.
(Mon R)

Gravestone Old Brotton Churchyard;

In memory of Martha the wife of John Farndale who died 6th December 1839 aged 39 years. Emma their daughter on the 18th aged 18 days.

                              Verse

                          [unreadable]

Also the above John Farndale who died 28th January 1878 aged 86 years, loved and respected.

(Brotton PR)

          Thou hast been my Defence and


         Refuge in the Days of my thoughts.

 

It would appear that Martha died from childbirth and her daughter Emma then died a few days later

John Farndale buried, Brotton aged 86, 31 Jan 1878. (Therefore John born, 1792).

 

 

Scroll down for more information about the writings of John Farndale

 

Can anyone help me with more access to the writings of John Farndale, of which I have many extracts, but not the whole set of writings? Please email me at rcfarndale@hotmail.com?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In early recorded uses, a yeoman was an attendant in a noble household.

 

The later sense of yeoman as "a commoner who cultivates his own land" is recorded from the 15th through 18th centuries. Yeomen farmers owned land (freeholdleasehold or copyhold). Their wealth and the size of their landholding varied. The Concise Oxford Dictionary states that a yeoman was "a person qualified by possessing free land of 40/- (shillings) annual [feudal] value, and who can serve on juries and vote for a Knight of the Shire. He is sometimes described as a small landowner, a farmer of the middle classes". Sir Anthony Richard Wagner, Garter Principal King of Arms, wrote that "a Yeoman would not normally have less than 100 acres" (40 hectares) "and in social status is one step down from the Landed gentry, but above, say, a husbandman". Often it was hard to distinguish minor landed gentry from the wealthier yeomen, and wealthier husbandmen from the poorer yeomen.

Yeomen were often constables of their parish, and sometimes chief constables of the district, shire or hundred. Many yeomen held the positions of bailiffs for the High Sheriff or for the shire or hundred. Other civic duties would include churchwarden, bridge warden, and other warden duties. It was also common for a yeoman to be an overseer for his parish. Yeomen, whether working for a lord, king, shire, knight, district or parish, served in localised or municipal police forces raised by or led by the landed gentry. Some of these roles, in particular those of constable and bailiff, were carried down through families. Yeomen often filled ranging, roaming, surveying, and policing roles. In districts remoter from landed gentry and burgesses, yeomen held more official power:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 FROM THE WRITINGS OF JOHN FARNDALE 1791-1879

John wrote:

The History of the Ancient Hamlet of Kilton-in-Cleveland, printed by W Rapp, Dundas Street, Saltburn 1870

History of Kilton dedicated to the Reverend William Jolley , Returning Immigrant, by John Farndale

The Emigrants Return, printed by Burnett and Hood, Exchange Offices, Middlesborough, 1870

A Guide to Saltburn by Sea by John Farndale

 

A text, Impact of Agricultural Change on the Rural Community - a case study of Kilton circa 1770-1870, Janet Dowey includes much about John Farndale and his writings

 

This first extract comes from Impact of Agricultural Change on the Rural Community - a case study of Kilton circa 1770-1870, Janet Dowey:

...

The most predominant family at Kilton was the Farndales, their ancestry ages old. Its most distinguished member John Farndale wrote numerous books on the area. Kilton, the village itself had been a thriving community consisting of a public house, a meeting house, two lodging houses and a schoolhouse, from which sprang two eminent schoolmasters. A butcher's shop, a London tailor and his apprentice and eight others, a rag merchant, a shop which sold some books, pens, needles, tape and thread. Five sailors, two soldiers, two missionaries plus a number of very old people.

The picture John Farndale paints is of a peaceful rural community who boasted of no poachers, no cockfighters, no drunkards or swearers. A church going people who met together on a Sunday afternoon. Kilton at that time had nearly 20 houses and a population of 140 men, women and children, a Hall, stables, plantation and the old Castle plus 12 small farms stop when John wrote these books he was speaking of a time long since gone (the early nineteenth century), he listed each family that lives lived within the village.

Robert Jolly was a farmer and a staunch Wesleyan. After his death his farm was carried on awhile by his sons. This being the time of Nelson's death (1805), John goes on to say that there was great reformation in Kilton estate, "the little farms were joined together, about 150 acres each. Every farmer had to move to a new farm. The sons of Robert Jolly each moved away at this time, one became a lifeguard to George III and the other eventually became a minister. William Bulmer was another native of Kilton and married with nine children, he made his living buying and selling, but all his children moved away into 'respectable' situations."

Many of the farmers were weavers too, one in particular, George Bennison, had two looms plus his land and also prepared a colt for Northallerton fair once a year stop. The children of these farmers continually moved away from the district and agriculture. John Farndale says "and now they disappear, but where are they gone, I know not". John Tuke says "it is observable, but in those families which have succeeded from generation to generation to the same farm, the strongest attachment to old customs prevails. For conduct and character, the farmer under survey must deservedly rank high among their fellows in any part of England, they are generally sober, industrious and orderly; most of the younger part of them have enjoyed a proper education, and give a suitable one to their children, who, of both sexes, are brought up in habits of industry and economy. Such conduct rarely fails meeting its reward; they who merit, and seek it, obtain independence, and every generation, or part of every generation, may be seen stepping forward to a scale in society somewhat beyond the last."

However Thomas Hardy in his book "Tess of the D'Urbervilles", states "all mutations so increasingly discernible in village life did not originate entirely in the agricultural unrest. A depopulation was going on." The village life which Hardy talks about had previously "contained" side by side with agricultural labourers an "interesting and better informed class". These included a carpenter, a Smith, shoemaker, huckster "together with nondescript workers" in addition to the farm labourers. A group of people who "owed a certain stability of aim and conduct to the fact of their being life-holders or copyholders or occasionally small freeholders." When the long holdings fell in they were rarely again let to identical tenants, and they were usually pulled down, if they were not needed by the farmer or his workers. "Cottagers who were not directly employed on the land were looked upon with disfavour, and the banishment of some starved the trade of others, who were thus obliged to follow." Families such as these had formed the backbone of the village life in the past who were the depositories of the village traditions, had to seek refuge in the large centres; the process, designated by statisticians as the tendency of the rural population towards the large towns being really the tendency of water to flow uphill when forced by machinery.

And so to the conclusion:-

"An introduction to this small work, although small, yet I hope it will be interesting to the tourist. The emigrants returning after a long series of years to his nativity, as well as the missionary from the continent, the soldier from his long campaign; the lifeguard from the city of London all these we have hailed with joy to their dear home Kilton, which strange to say there are no little boys ought and girls playing there. Is this well pleasing, to kind providence, who said to our first parents, when he puts them into the Garden of Eden, "be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth." Would it not be advisable to divide and subdivide and divide again this great continent - this farm, and obey our Father's commands, being fruitful and multiplying, and what a noble race of young girls would then be playing in this Jerusalem, as in the olden time.

We are now surprised to hear the above, on their return from a far country saying, "no place can equal Kilton for loveliness" standing as it does, in the midst of sylvan scenery, beautiful landscape and woodland scenery, and what a perfume of sweet fragrance from wildflowers, particularly the primrose acres that would grace any gentleman's pleasure ground of beauty into loveliness. Kilton as it is situated, is fitted only for a prince"

"Now much has changed, we oft times have looked and looked again, but no corner of this large farm has been neglected. Witness, this rich stack yard of 100 acres of wheat, the staff of life, and 100 more, oats, beans, peas, hay, clover, potatoes and turnips piled up against the winter storms. In the fold are housed 100 head of sheep, a stable with 14 farming horses, besides the young horses, pigs and geese in abundance, carts, wagons, ploughs and harrows and all implements.

"He makes across the hills adorn,

He clothes the smiling fields with corn,

the beasts with food his hands supply,

and the young ones when they cry."


This was the Kilton John Farndale knew and loved. It had changed beyond belief. Several of the very old and larger states were less crowded than they had been; where a better cultivation had taken place, the small cottages had given way gradually to shape a farm worthy of the person having such money to improve it. A lot of the field structures and hedges were still in place, only some of the hedges had been taken out to make bigger fields. The hedge structure at Kilton was probably there 50 years before John Farndale was born. In one instance a hedge appears to have been put in to divide a field.

 

Some of the reasons for the demise of Kilton were the industrial revolution, which was the need to centralise craftsmen from the small villages, a revolution in farming methods and farming machinery, a wholesale destruction of the village for the town. The Napoleonic Wars had an influence on the price of farm produce, the price of food was kept at a fairly high level during the war but after the war finished the price of grain fell to one of its lowest levels along with falling meat prices, and disastrous harvests. Farming methods were needed to get the harvest in quicker. This finally led the landlord to enlarge the farms and bring in a farmer with money to modernise the farm. The mechanisation of farming policies on the one hand and the progressive quantity of urban factories on the other, combined to drastically alter that rural life. Taking into consideration also the turnpike roads, the invention of the railway and the canal networks it is obvious that economic and technological forces were bringing far reaching changes. During the period when enclosure was in progress, "the revolution in agricultural methods", there was moderately steady process of new village creation, a considerable upsurge within the 18th century. Enclosure or amalgamation of the Kilton village farms, probably happened in the late 1860s, thus was the complete destruction of the village.

Kilton became a victim not only of the "Monstre farm" but also of the Industrial Revolution.

"And now dear Farndale, the best of friends must part,

I bid you and your little Kilton along and final farewell.

Time was on to all our precious boon,

Time is passing away so soon,

Time know more about his vast eternity,

World without end oceans without sure."

John Farndale. 1870

 

John was a prolific writer in the eighteenth century - he wrote about Kilton.

He wrote The History of the Ancient Hamlet of Kilton-in-Cleveland, printed by W Rapp, Dundas Street, Saltburn 1870 and The Emigrants Return, printed by Burnett and Hood, Exchange Offices, Middlesborough, 1870

I am slowly transcribing the writings of John Farndale

John Farndale was born at Kilton in Cleveland, Yorkshire on 15 August 1791, second son of William and Mary Farndale (née Ferguson), farmers and business people. On his 84th birthday (1874) he wrote his memoirs. He stated that he was in good health. He died in 1879 aged 88. The following notes are taken from his memoirs which were written in very descriptive Victorian English.

He first described Kilton as "of great interest with a great hall, stable, plantation and ancient stronghold in ruins (Kilton Castle)". "It is still a small place" he says and he describes how many have left it and made their name.

"My first remembrance began in my nurse's arms when I could not have been more than 1 1/2 years old; a memory as vivid as if it were yesterday. She took me out on St Stephen's Day 1973 into the current Garth (a small enclosure) with a stick and 'solt' to kill a hare. A great day at the time. Another time (after celebrating the victory of Trafalgar, 1805) he was dangling head foremost down the draw well hanging by the buckle of his shoe. He goes on to describe a very happy childhood and he clearly adored his mother. "At this time I believe I loved God and was happy."

He remembered "an old relation of my father" (there were several in Kilton at that time) remarking that his elder brother George was a "prodigal son", while John was the son at home with his father. But he describes how he got up to many frolics and had some narrow escapes, although he was no drunkard or swearer.

His parents, he said, "were strict Church people and kept a strict look out. I became leader of the (Brotton) church signers, clever in music" and he excelled his friends. He had a close friend, a musician in the church choir. One day he met him and said he had been very ill and had been reading a lot of books including "Aeleyn's Alarum" and others "which nearly made my hair stand on end." . His friend told him that he was going to alter his way of life and if John would not refrain from his revelries, he would "be obliged to forsake your company.". "That was a nail in a sure place. I was ashamed and grieved as I thought myself more pious than he. Now I began to enter a new life as suddenly at St Paul's but with this difference, he was in distress for three days and nights but for me it was three months". He fasted all Lent and describes his torment. "How often I went onto the hill with my Clarinet to play my favourite tune."

His companion lived one mile away (at Brotton perhaps?) and they met half way every Sunday morning at 6am for prayer. He remembered well meeting in a corner of a large grass field. George (Sayer) began and he followed. When they finished they opened their eyes to see "a rough farm lad standing over us, no doubt a little nervous. Next day this boy said to others in the harvest field 'George Sayer and John Farndale are two good lads for I found them in a field praying.' " On the following Sunday they moved to a small wood and met under an oak tree and met an old man who wanted to join them. As usual George began and John continued when the old man began to roar in great distress.