Historical and geographical information





Home Page

The Farndale Directory

Farndale Themes

Farndale History

Particular branches of the family tree

Other Information

General Sir Martin Farndale KCB





Dates are in red.

Hyperlinks to other pages are in dark blue.

Headlines of the history of the Newfoundland are in brown.

References and citations are in turquoise.

Contextual history is in purple.


This webpage about the Newfoundland has the following section headings:



The Farndales of Northallerton


The following Farndales were associated with Northallerton are Hannah Mary Farndale (FAR00595); Ruth Farndale (FAR00619); William Farndale (FAR00639); William Farndale (FAR00665); Albert Edward Farndale (FAR00667), Co-op store manager in Loftus and Northallerton; Sarah Elizabeth Farndale (FAR00693); Doris M Farndale (FAR00807); Herbert Farndale (FAR00835); Bertram Farndale (FAR00855); Edna Elizabeth Farndale (FAR00868); Charles Farndale (FAR00875); Kenneth Farndale (FAR00884); Leslie Farndale (FAR00885); Gladys Farndale (FAR00900); William E Farndale (FAR00908); Martin Baker Farndale (FAR00911); Anne Farndale (FAR00915); Rosamund Farndale (FAR00920); Geoff Farndale (FAR00922); John Francis Farndale (FAR00923); Donald Farndale (FAR00947); Sheila Farndale (FAR00983); Keith Farndale (FAR00990); John Martin Farndale (FAR01033); Kathleen E Farndale (FAR01059); Antony W Farndale (FAR001077); David C Farndale (FAR01081); Peter H Farndale (FAR01084); James William Farndale (FAR01239); Emily Victoria Farndale (FAR01253); Fiona Christine Farndale (FAR01254); Harriet Margaret Farndale (FAR01271); Aimee Lian Farndale (FAR01293); Stephanie Elizabeth Farndale (FAR01299); and Alys Rebecca Farndale (FAR01321)




Northallerton is a market town and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire. It lies in the Vale of Mowbray and at the northern end of the Vale of York. It has served as the county town of the North Riding of Yorkshire and since 1974, of North Yorkshire. Northallerton is made up of four wards, North, Broomfield, Romanby and Central.


Northallerton Timeline


Roman period


There has been a settlement at Northallerton since Roman times. There is evidence that the Romans had a signal station on Castle Hill just to the west of the town as part of the imperial Roman postal system and a path connecting Hadrian's Wall with Eboracum (York) ran through what is now the neighbouring village of Brompton.




In 1069, in an attempt to quell rebellion in the north, the area between the Ouse and the Tyne was laid waste by the armies of William the Conqueror (the Harrying of the North). The town of Northallerton was almost totally destroyed or depopulated. Just a few years later it is described in the Domesday Book as modo est in manu regis et wastum est (‘put down as waste’).




In the Domesday Survey, Norman scribes named the settlement Alvertune, Aluertune and Alretone and there is a reference to the Alvertune wapentac, an area almost identical to the Allertonshire wapentake of the North Riding, which was named after the town.


Eleventh century


Northallerton’s growth in importance began in the 11th century when King William II gifted land to the Bishop of Durham. Under the Bishop's authority Northallerton became an important centre for religious affairs.




In 1130 a castle was built on the west side of the town adjacent to North Beck by Bishop Rufus and was expanded in 1142 after William Cumin seized the Bishopric of Durham in 1141. The castle was further expanded in 1173 by Hugh Pudsey and garrisoned by a group of Flemish soldiers, an act which enraged King Henry II who ordered that it be razed to the ground in 1177.




It was also a focus for much conflict in subsequent years between the English and the Scots, most notably the Battle of the Standard, nearby in 1138, which saw losses of as many as 12,000 men.




The Victoria County History – Yorkshire A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 1 Parishes: Northallerton, 1914: Henry III twice stayed at Northallerton in September 1236 when going to and returning from Durham, while Edward I made it his customary stopping-place when on his way to Scotland, and was here in 1291, 1292, 1293 (when he stayed here three nights and dined with the bishop), 1296, 1298, 1299 (when the Bishop of Durham sent him a white palfrey), 1303 and 1304. Edward II rested here in 1312, and here Edward III stayed in 1327, 1331, 1333 (when he was accompanied by Queen Philippa) and 1356, a few months after founding the Carmelite Friary here.




In 1318, the town was destroyed by the Scots, under Sir James Douglas following the Capture of Berwick upon Tweed.




A Carmelite priory was founded in 1354, but was demolished soon after the dissolution of the monasteries in 1538.


The site passed to various people and was used for arable farming before a workhouse was built on the site in 1857. Subsequently, the Friarage Hospital, which takes its name from the friary, was built.




In the golden age of coaching, Northallerton had four coaching inns along High Street serving passengers and horses using several routes to the north.




A group of people in a room

Description automatically generated


Northallerton Gaol in 1823




With the arrival of the railway in 1841 the town maintained its importance as a communications centre.




A screenshot of a computer screen

Description automatically generated  A screenshot of a computer screen

Description automatically generated




Links, texts and books