Guisborough

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The Farndales of Guisborough

 

Whilst Guisborough will have been a focal point for most of the Farndales who lived in Cleveland, the Farndales particularly associated with Guisborough were:

 

Mary Farndale (FAR00179)

 

William Farndale, wheelwright and cartwright of Guisborough (FAR00200)

 

William Farndale, wheelwright of Pinchingthorpe near Guisborough (FAR00218A)

 

Joseph Farndale (FAR00228)

 

Hannah Farndale (FAR00274A)

 

Joseph Farndale (FAR00299)

 

William Farndale (FAR00309)

 

Mary Farndale (FAR00320)

 

Jane Farndale (FAR00332)

 

Mary Jane Farndale (FAR00351)

 

John Farndale (FAR00355)

 

Sarah Farndale (FAR00357)

 

Hannah Farndale (FAR00360)

 

Peter Farndale (FAR00373)

 

Sarah Ann Farndale (FAR00392)

 

Mary Ann Farndale (FAR00418)

 

William G Farndale (FAR00421)

 

Alice Esther Farndale (FAR00433)

 

Sarah Maria Farndale (FAR00442)

 

Annie Farndale (FAR00471)

 

Male Farndale (FAR00479)

 

William George Farndale (FAR00492)

 

John William Farndale (FAR00501)

 

Sarah Annie Farndale (FAR00505)

 

Mary Ann Farndale (FAR00507)

 

William Henry Farndale (FAR00516)

 

Annie Paver Farndale (FAR00519)

 

John Martin Farndale (FAR00520)

 

Joseph Farndale (FAR00524)

 

Thomas Farndale (FAR00525)

 

Hannah Elizabeth Farndale (FAR00533)

 

Lily Farndale (FAR00534)

 

Margaret Ann Farndale (FAR00541)

 

Sarah Farndale (FAR00543)

 

Edith Emily Farndale (FAR00546)

 

Mary Elizabeth Farndale (FAR00551)

 

Richard Farndale (FAR00562)

 

Lavinia Harrison Farndale (FAR00570)

 

Albert Farndale, an architect of Guisborough (FAR00574)

 

Harry Farndale (FAR00583)

 

Thomas William Farndale (FAR00587)

 

Ernest Farndale (FAR000589)

 

Richard Henry Farndale (FAR00594)

 

Sophia Farndale (FAR00601A)

 

Edith Farndale (FAR00611)

 

John Martin Farndale, a store keeper in Guisborough who later emigrated to Newfoundland (FAR00613)

 

Mary Elizabeth Farndale (FAR00618)

 

Ruth Farndale (FAR00619)

 

Edwin Farndale (FAR00626)

 

George Farndale, a farm worker and miner rom Guisborough (FAR00627)

 

Mary Frances Farndale (FAR00634)

 

William Farndale (FAR00639)

 

John Farndale (FAR00640)

 

Elizabeth Farndale (FAR00654)

 

Ethel Farndale (FAR00658)

 

Meggy Farndale (FAR00660)

 

Robert Farndale (FAR00661)

 

William Farndale (FAR00665)

 

Lily Farndale (FAR00673)

 

Polly Farndale (FAR00676)

 

Frank Farndale (FAR00687)

 

Louisa Hutchinson Farndale (FAR00689)

 

Edwin Farndale (FAR00691)

 

Alice Maude Farndale (FAR00696)

 

John William Farndale (FAR00698)

 

Josephine Salvatori Farndale (FAR00705)

 

Ellen Farndale (FAR00712)

 

Richard Farndale (FAR00715)

 

Hannah Farndale (FAR00733)

 

Samuel Farndale (FAR00741)

 

Alice Jane Farndale (FAR00753)

 

Leslie Farndale (FAR00757)

 

Polly Farndale (FAR00774)

 

Samuel S Farndale (FAR00776)

 

Doris S Farndale (FAR00789)

 

Irene Farndale (FAR00797)

 

Ethel Farndale (FAR00798)

 

Alice Farndale (FAR00806)

 

Doris M Farndale (FAR00807)

 

Ethel Farndale (FAR00831)

 

William H Farndale (FAR00840)

 

Thomas T Farndale (FAR00842)

 

Mary Farndale (FAR00847)

 

Christie A Farndale (FAR00860)

 

Dorothy Farndale (FAR00861)

 

James Farndale (FAR00863)

 

Albert W Farndale (FAR00866)

 

Edith Farndale (FAR00870)

 

Elizbeth Farndale (FAR00887)

 

Miriam W Farndale (FAR00905)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Guisborough is a market town and civil parish in the north-east of England. It belongs to the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland, the Tees Valley region and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire.

 

 

Guisborough Priory

 

Some archaeologists date the town to the Roman occupation, when it may have been a military fortification. Discovery of a few Roman artefacts support this, such as the elaborate ceremonial Guisborough Helmet (see below), but proof is still lacking. Gighesbore is recorded in the Domesday Book. The ruined Gisborough Priory dates from the 12th century.

 

Guisborough Museum, behind Westgate's Sunnyfield House, exhibits photos of Guisborough's history and inhabitants. There is a working watermill at Tocketts Mill.

 

 

The Guisborough Helmet

 

The Guisborough Helmet is a Roman cavalry helmet found near the town in 1864. It was originally fitted with protective cheek-pieces, which have not survived, but the attachment holes can be seen in front of the helmet's ear guards. It is lavishly decorated with engraved and embossed figures, indicating that it was probably used for display or cavalry tournaments, although possibly for battle as well. It was unearthed in what appears to be a carefully arranged deposition in a bed of gravel, distant from any known Roman sites. After its recovery (during roadworks), it was donated to the British Museum for restoration and display.

 

 

St Nicholas's Church

 

The Church of St Nicholas

 

The Anglican Church of St Nicholas holds the De Brus Cenotaph. A church may have existed in 1290, though the chancel dates from the late 15th century. The nave and interior have been altered. The church in its present form resulted from major rebuilding in 1903–1908 to a design by Temple Moore.

 

Gisborough Hall

 

Gisborough Hall, a Victorian mansion, was built in the Jacobean style in 1856. Once the home of the family of Lord Gisborough, the estate was then owned by the Chaloner family from just after the dissolution of Gisborough Priory until the 1940s. Gisborough Hall is a Grade II listed building, now converted into a hotel.

 

Guisborough Town Hall

 

Guisborough's prominent Town Hall (Grade II listed) was built on Westgate in 1821. Its initial two storeys were extended to three in 1870. The ground floor served as a shambles or meat-market, with rooms above, some used from the building's earliest days as solicitors' offices (Lewis 1831, 286 & Baines 1823, 3). The ground floor also contained a cell or vault (Harrison & Dixon 1981, 131).

 

The town hall was last occupied by two firms of solicitors, who vacated it in 2014. Its proprietor, a limited company, entered receivership and the building was bought by Redcar & Cleveland Borough Council due to concern for its future. A community group has been formed to keep the building in use while maintaining its historic integrity.

 

Industrialisation

 

The town shared in the prosperity of the Industrial Revolution through proximity to the ironstone mines of the North York Moors. One of Teesside's leading ironfounders, Sir Joseph Whitwell Pease, chose as his country seat the Alfred Waterhouse-designed Gothic revival Hutton Hall, situated at Hutton Lowcross, near Guisborough. It had its own station on the Middlesbrough–Guisborough branch of the North Eastern Railway, but this closed in 1964.

GUISBOROUGH

 

Place-name

 

Gigr’s fortification’. Ch- Ghigesburg, Gighesborc, Ghigesborg, Giseborne 1086, Gisebur(g)h c.1130-15th century, Gi- Gysburgh 1285-1577, Gysborow, -borough 1530, Gi- Gyseburne (1119) 15th century-1430, Gi- Gysburn 1228-1483. Old Norse personal name Gigr, secondary genitive singular Giges, + Old English varying with Old Norse borg and Old English burna.

 

Domesday Book

 

Under the heading “Lands of the King” it says

“In Chigesburg, Ulchel (had) 1 carucate of land for geld. Land for half a plough.

 

Under the heading “Land of the Count” it says

“In Ghigesburg, 17 carucates.”

 

Under the heading “Lands of Robert Malet” says

‘In Ghigesborg, Leisinc had 3 carucates and 2 bovates of land for geld, where 2 ploughs can be. Now Robert has 1 plough there, and 3 villeins with 1 plough. T.R.E. it was worth 5s. 4d; now (it is worth) the same.’

(A carucate was roughly 100 acres. A bovate was roughly 15 acres. Geld was a tax that had to be paid. T.R.E. means “in the time of King Edward the Confessor”)

 

See William Farrer’s translation in “The Victoria History of the County of York” vol.2 (ed.) W.Page (1912).

 

Early Landowners

 

Count Robert of Mortain held considerable lands here at the time of the Domesday Book but by the reign of Henry I, the whole of Guisborough had come into the hands of Robert de Brus of Skelton Castle.   In 1119 Robert de Brus founded Guisborough Priory and granted the manor of Guisborough to the canons there. It remained in the hands of the canons until the priory was dissolved by Henry VIII in 1538. In 1550 the Chaloner family purchased the priory and eight years later they became lords of the manor of Guisborough.

 

See “The Victoria History of the Counties of England: Yorkshire North Riding” vol.2 (ed.) W.Page (1923).

 

An Early Mention

 

At the Helmsley Quarter Sessions in July 1613 a Guisborough tailor and alehousekeeper was presented beofre the magistrates “for suffering great disorder in his house on Sunday 2 Jany. 1613 in the time of afternoon service &c. and for not selling ale according to the rate limited &c.”

 

An early mention in literature appeared in “A Description of England and Wales” vol. 10, F.Newberry and T.Carnan (1770):

“Six miles north by east of Stokesley is Gisborough, or Guisborough, a town situated in the road from Whitby to Durham. It stands on a rising ground, in a delightful situation and has a remarkable pure air; a fine scene of verdure overspreads all the fields near it, which are adorned with plenty of wild-flowers, almost all the year round, whence it has been compared to Puteoli in Italy. The town is well built, and the inhabitants famous for their civility and neatness. Here was formerly an abbey, the church of which seems by its ruins, to have been little inferior to the best cathedrals in England. Near this town are mines of iron and alum, but the latter are said to be now almost neglected. This town has a market on Mondays, and six fairs, held on the Monday and Tuesday after the 11th of April, for linen-cloth and horned cattle; on Tuesday in Whitsun-Week, for horned cattle and linen; on the 27th of August, the 19th and 20th September, and the first Monday after the 11th November, for horned cattle.”

 

The Lay Subsidy of 1301

 

More than 80 people in Guisborough had to pay this government tax on moveable goods. Many more were exempt. This was almost as many as Whitby, the busy North Riding seaport. The highest taxpayer was Adam de Tokotes, paying almost 10 shillings. The total tax paid was just over £7 15 shillings.

 

Derived from “Yorkshire Lay Subsidy” edited by W.Brown (Yorkshire Archaeological Society Record Series) 1897.

 

Selected Buildings

 

Guisborough Priory (1119, but much altered after a fire in 1289)

Priory dovecote (14th century)

St. Nicholas Church (c. 1500 on a much older foundation)

Market Cross (mid 18th century, altered in 1817)

Tocketts Mill (c. 1810)

Former joiner’s shop at Hutton Gate. Grade 2 star listed. (mid 19th century)

Town Hall (1821)

Gisborough Hall (1857, enlarged in 1902)

 

A Few Lost Buildings

 

The Hospital of Jesus (1561) demolished c. 1888.

Toll Booth (mentioned in 1599) demolished in 1821.

Nos. 1 to 5 Market Place (18th century) demolished in 1963.

Wesleyan Church (1811) demolished in 1963.

Rectory (1859, destroyed by fire in 1868 and rebuilt) demolished in 1966.

Guisborough Library  (1965) destroyed by fire in 1996.

 

People of note:

 

Robert Pursglove (1503/4-1580) A cleric from Derbyshire who became Prior of Guisborough. He also founded the Grammar School and Hospital in Guisborough.

Thomas Chaloner (1564-1615) A man of many parts who grew up in London. He brought the alum industry to Cleveland.

Joshua Ward (1684/5-1761) A quack doctor from Guisborough who became well known in London after he treated King George II. He invented two medicines, Ward’s Pill and Ward’s Drop with some dangerous ingredients. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

John Wright (1807-1882) A poet from Guisborough who became known as “The Bard of Cleveland”.

Fred Priest (1874-1922)  A Guisborough-born footballer who played for Sheffield United when they were Football League champions in1898 and F.A. Cup winners in 1899 and 1902.

Willie Applegarth (1890-1958) An athlete from Guisborough who won a gold medal for the 4 x 100 metres at the 1912 Olympic Games.

Elinor Lyon (1921-2008) A writer of children’s books who was born in Guisborough.

Bob Champion (1948-  ) A jockey from Guisborough who won the Grand National in 1981 on Aldaniti.

Selina Scott (1951-  ) A Guisborough-born newsreader and presenter on national television.

Mark Benton (1965-  ) A television and film actor who was born in Guisborough.

Katy Livingston (1984- ) A sportswoman from Guisborough who represented her country in the modern pentathlon at the Olympic Games in 2008.

 

The Hearth Tax of 1673

 

The ancient Wapentake of Langbaurgh stretched from Yarm in the east to Lythe near Whitby in the west, and from the River Tees to the River Esk. In 1673 Guisborough was its largest town. 105 houses in Guisborough had 1 or 2 hearths while a further 28 houses were larger, with 3 or 4 hearths. There were 7 even more substantial homes with 5 or 6 hearths, while the largest dwellings in the town were those of “Tho Wilson” with 7 hearths, “Mr Ja Lynne” with 10 hearths and “Sr Edw Challoner Kt” with 17 hearths.  In addition to these 143 properties, there were 68 single-hearth houses that fell below the tax threshold, making a total of 203 dwellings. This was more than you would find in Stockton or Hartlepool in 1673.

See “The Hearth Tax List for the North Riding of Yorkshire, Michaelmas 1673, Ripon Historical Society (2011).

 

Census

 

1801     1,719

1851     2,062

1901     5,645

1951     6,531

 

Directories

 

Baines’ Directory of 1823 portrayed Guisborough as a busy town. Included in this directory were 15 grocers, 3 shopkeepers, 6 butchers, 4 bakers, 4 wine and spirit dealers, 2 chemists, 9 drapers, 5 milliners and dressmakers, 5 tailors, 5 straw bonnet makers, 9 boot and shoe makers, 4 booksellers, 3 clock and watch makers and 6 ironmongers. 17 inns and taverns were named. The directory also listed a number of joiners and cabinet makers, plumbers and glaziers, stone masons, blacksmiths, coopers, wheelwrights, millers, farmers, gardeners, skinners, saddlers, flax dressers, linen manufacturers and rope-makers.

 

Kelly’s Directory of 1913 has a less complete list that itemises 21 general dealers, 12 grocers, 10 butchers, 5 confectioners, 3 fruiterers, a baker, 4 drapers, 8 tailors and outfitters, 3 watchmakers, a chemist, a stationer, a tobacconist, 2 hardware dealers, 2 coal merchants and 8 boot and shoe makers. There were 3 beer retailers, 11 inns and taverns, and 5 fish and chip shops.

 

 

A Selection of Dates

 

1119     Robert de Brus of Skelton Castle founded Guisborough Priory, a house of Augustinian Canons.

1263     A weekly market and a three day fair every August were granted.

1289     Much of the priory was destroyed by a fire that began accidentally.

1405     The head of Sir John Fauconberg was placed on the tollbooth for rebelling against the king.

1536     Prior James Cockerill surrendered the priory to the Commissioners of King Henry VIII.

Robert Pursglove was appointed Prior. He proved to be a loyal servant of the Crown.

1537     James Cockerill was executed for his part in a protest against the closure of the monasteries:     the Pilgrimage of Grace

1550     Thomas Chaloner purchased the Priory lands from the Crown.

1561     Prior Pursglove founded the Jesus Hospital and a school in Guisborough.

1569     Several rebels captured after the Rising of the North were executed in Gisborough.

1600 Thomas Chaloner II began extracting alum near Guisborough.

1643     The Battle of Guisborough. A Parliamentarian army defeated a Royalist force.

1651     George Fox visited Guisborough. Quaker meetings in the town started during the following            year.

1700 William Chaloner built the Old Hall in Bow Street.

1759     John Wesley preached in Guisborough for the first time.

1768     A Quaker Meeting House was built in the town.

1777     A Methodist chapel was built.

1790     The Providence School was established.

1811     The Wesleyan Church was dedicated. Ebenezer Chapel was built by the Independents, later       known as the Congregationalists.

1814     A new market charter for the town was issued.

1821     A town hall was built to replace the old toll-booth.

1839     The Guisborough Union Workhouse was opened.

1853     Belmont ironstone mine opened just south of the town and Chaloner ironstone mine opened                just to the north.

1854     The first passenger railway line to Guisborough came into service.

1857     Thomas Chaloner built Long Hull, his new family home.

1861     Chapel Street Primitive Methodist Chapel was dedicated.

1864     A Roman helmet was discovered near Guisborough.

1865     Guisborough Foundry was extended about 5 years after it began working.

1871     Guisborough Water Company was formed.

1873     Admiral Chaloner’s Hospital was was created for injured ironstone miners.

1881     Northgate Schools opened.

1888     Prior Pursglove’s Hospital was rebuilt as Guisborough Grammar School.

1894     Guisborough was designated as an Urban District with its own council.

1907     The Primitive Methodist chapel was dedicated.

1911     The Empire cinema opened. It closed in the 1960s.

1928     Guisborough Police Station was built.

1933     Belmont mine closed. Chaloner mine closed six years later.

1939     The last ironstone mine in the Guisborough area stopped extraction.

1941     A “starfish” wartime decoy site was built on the moors above Guisborough as part of Teesside’s     air raid defences.

1948     The workhouse infirmary became Guisborough General and Maternity Hospital.

1958     Guisborough County Secondary School was built. It  was later called Laurence Jackson School.

1964     Railway passsenger services from Guisborough were discontinued.

1965     Guisborough Library was built. It was destroyed by fire in 1996.

1968     The swimming pool was opened. It was refurbished in 2009 and 2015.

1972     Prior Pursglove Sixth Form College was opened.

1973     Guisborough Town Football Club was founded.

1974     Guisborough Urban District Council was disbanded when Cleveland County was formed.

1988     A public meeting in Sunnyfield House voted unanimously against a new housing estate on the     grounds that too many new houses had already been built at Guisborough.

1989     Guisborough Town F.C. won the Northern League Cup and qualified to play in the F.A. Cup.

1995     The Guisborough bypass was completed to relieve congestion along Westgate.

1999     Burton’s shirt factory closed.

2004     Guisborough won the North Yorkshire and South Durham Cricket League for the fourth   successive year.

2015     The former Blackett Hutton Foundry was demolished.

 

Suggested Further Reading

 

“Guisborough Before 1900” by B.Harrison and G.Dixon (1981)

“Guisborough in Memory” by G.Dixon (1983)

“Robert Pursglove of Guisborough and his Hospital” by D.O’Sullivan (1990)

“Guisborough Past and Present” by P.Wilson and P.Smith (2005)

“Guisborough: Photographic Memories” (ed.) R.Darnton (2011)

 

 

Anne Weatherill's diary: Guisborough 1863

 

This is the diary of Anne Weatherill of Guisborough, written when she was 22 years old.

 

 

It was written in a small notebook, measuring six inches by four inches and records her activities between January and September 1863.

She began the little diary soon after returning from a visit to London.



Back at home in Guisborough, she records attending impromptu dances and invitation balls, she visits Redcar and stays with friends in Stockton and Carlton-in-Cleveland.  She takes part in a choir festival and lends a hand in local festivities.  A constant feature through the months is her response to the changing seasons and the beauty of the countryside.  

  
Anne lived in Northgate in Guisborough with her family: her father Thomas, a prosperous brewer, landowner and businessman, her mother Margaret, her 20 year old sister Kate, and her brothers William and Herbert, aged 18 and 14.


Downstreet – going west along the High Street – her Uncle William and Aunt Ann Weatherill lived in Westgate with their younger children.  The children were cousins to Anne twice over, as their fathers were brothers (Thomas and William Weatherill) and their mothers were sisters (Margaret and Ann Jackson).




William Weatherill

 

Uncle William Weatherill was a solicitor, holding many public appointments in the area.  He was a keen member of the local Volunteer Corps.  By 1863 his older children had already left home.

 



George, aged 29, was married to Emma Wilson, a doctor's daughter.  Margaret Elizabeth, now 27, had been married for seven years.  At the age of 20 she married a 37 year old doctor, John Richardson, a notable local surgeon who had been Mayor of Middlesbrough in 1858.  They had three small children and lived at 25 Sussex Street, Middlesbrough.  Her sister Anne Louise was 26 and already two years a widow; her late husband was the Revd Henry Clarke of Guisborough.  Anne Louise had married Mr Clarke a few years after his first wife's death; her stepson Henry was only five years her junior.

Next in age to Anne Louise there had been a brother, William, but he had died in 1852 aged 13, while a "Blue Coat Boy", away at school at Christ's Hospital.  Of the younger children, Helen was the same age as her cousin Anne, Emma was 20, Clara was 18 and John Charles was 16.

Anne's Aunt Lizzy – Miss Elizabeth Weatherill – lived in Guisborough too; she was the postmistress of the town.  Her Aunt Todd also lived in Guisborough.  Another of the Jackson sisters, Elizabeth Todd was the widow of the late Revd Thomas Todd, who died in 1860 while Rector of Kildale.  Elizabeth and her seven daughters returned to Guisborough, where she and three of her daughters took up teaching.

The remaining Weatherill brother, Robert Corney Weatherill, was a widower farming 140 acres at Stockton, where he was also District Auditor for the Poor Law.  He had three daughters and two sons.


A recent acquaintance of the family was a young solicitor, John Richard Stubbs; he was often to be met with at the Richardsons' house in Sussex Street.  He had come north from Boroughbridge in 1861 and on 1st January 1863 went into partnership with an older solicitor, John Brewster, at 28 Bridge Street, Middlesbrough.


The year began with parties.  Priory Hall, behind the Cock Inn, was a large assembly room and the chief venue for Guisborough's social events.  The Hall and the Cock Inn were owned by Anne's father.


[I have supplied full names in place of initials where available, and further explanatory comments in square brackets.  Many of the notes are the work of the late Miss Grace Dixon, to whom I am much indebted.  I have revised this article and altered some of the readings; this post consequently differs slightly from the article on www.jakesbarn.co.uk]

 

January 1st


The workpeople had their Christmas party in the Priory Hall



January 3rd


Went to a party at Aunt Todds 

Kate Weatherill

January 4th


I spent the evening down street [at her uncle Weatherill's]



January 6th


A large party at the Parsonage



January 10th


Took tea with Anne Louise.  The Harpleys and Mr M & Mrs Wilson were there



January 12th


Had our first lesson from the Choir Master



January 16t

h
Kate came home from Carlton where she has been for the last ten days

 

Herbert & Aunt Lizzy

January 19th


Herbert went to school [we don't know where] – a wintry windy day – took tea at the Bakers



January 20th


The first snow has fallen this winter; the wind last night in the North was terrible.  The sailors expected a storm tomorrow – but it has come today

January 28t

h
Went to Stockton to get our dresses for the Middlesbrough ball

January 29th


Had a little practice dance in the Priory Hal

l

January 30th


Very warm for the time of year.  The roads almost like summer

 [Anne's invitation to the Ball survives:



Ball at Middlesbrough


February 5th 1863



Committee:

J Richardson, Esqr


H Cochrane, Esqr


R Gillan, Esqr


L McEwan, Esqr


T Backhouse, Esqr


E Grove, Esqr


R Lloyd, Esqr


J G Swan, Esqr


C Bolckow, Esqr


J R Stubbs, Esqr


Jas J Hopkins, Esqr



The Committee request the honor of Miss A Weatherill's Company at the Assembly Rooms, Watson's Hotel, Middesbrough, on Thursday, February 5th 1863


Dancing to commence at 9 o'Clock



Jas J Hopkins


J R Stubbs

    
Hon Secs



The favor of an answer is requested



'honor' and 'favor' may surprise us – but this was the spelling used]

Dr John Richardson


February 3rd


Margaret was up – nothing talked of but the Middlesbro ball – I stayed and had tea down street where there was quite a large party in the evening.  Messrs Wilson, Morgan, Roberts, T & C Clarke.  We sang catches and glees, played bagatelle & had a very pleasant evening.

February 4th


We had a great storm of thunder & hail in the evening.

February 5th


The day of the Middlesbro ball.  We four girls all went by the early train – the most glorious fun.  Mr Cochrane dined with us that day and took tea with us the next.  H.C came unexpectedly.  It was a jolly time


[John Stubbs' diary records, "We mustered about 50 had supper at 12 & stayed till 5.  We had a very jolly ball indeed out of 24 dances I only missed two".  The Ball invitation shows that he was a member of the Ball Committee, as was Dr John Richardson]

February 10th


Went to the Loys party [presumably William Loy, doctor in Great Ayton, whose daughter Mary (Polly) was then 19].  The most delightful party since I left London – I stayed & the next day Polly, Lou & I had the greatest fun helping to put by the things.  A most lovely day

February 11th


Another beautiful day – with a most seasonable frost – Mrs Loy, Polly, Louise & I drove to hear the Christy Minstrels.  We had such a pleasant drive.


[The Cleveland Christy Minstrels were popular local performers.]

February 12th


The fine weather continues.  Had a little dance in the evening



February 13th


Drove to Stokesley in the afternoon, spent the evening with Mrs T Loy [Thomas Loy was a doctor in Stokesley]



February 15th


Still most beautiful weather.  Drove to Stokesley in the afternoon, took tea with Mrs Graham.  Two Miss Burrels are staying with her, very nice girls.  They are going out to their brother in New Zealand in the course of a month or so.  We danced in the Hall, & they taught me two new dances, the Highland Polka, & God Save the Queen



February 16th


Seem to have almost lived in Goodchilds the last day or two, everyone here is having their likeness taken.  The boys came from S to see about theirs and stayed the day with us.  Rained in the afternoon, the first interruption of the beautiful weather since I came 


[Goodchilds of Bath Street was the local photographers]

 

February 17th


Finished Aurora Floyd [popular and sensational novel by Mary Elizabeth Braddon, pub 1863].  A horrid book though not without a little redeeming talent in it



February 18th


Polly came home with me.  Mr M and Mr R in the house



February 26th


Emma & Aunt took tea with us.  Johnnie, R & Will in the evening



February 27th


A most glorious walk to Park Wood, Polly rode my pony.  Her papa and mama came for her in the afternoon.  Mr M gave us quite a comic concert which appeared greatly to amuse Mr Loy


[Park Wood or the Park is the woodland on the edge of the hill overlooking Guisborough to the north-west.  It had been mediaeval parkland.]

Anne's diary for March 4th

 

March 4th


A spring day such as only comes once in several years.  We drove to Skelton starting about ten a.m. and from there walked to Saltburn.  The woods were most lovely, some of the banks were covered with primroses and the mercury and saxifrage were out by the beck.  The rooks are beginning to build.  Papa showed us the Jackdaw cliff of which we have heard so much.  Saltburn will soon be a fashionable watering place – they are making rapid progress with the buildings which have a beautiful effect seen in emerging from the wood with blue blue sea for background.

 

[Anne's father had been born at Marske, where his father farmed at Hob Hill.  The rocky steep valley side by Marske Mill weir on the Skelton beck was called the Jackdaw Cliff.  The valley was later bridged here by the railway viaduct.]

 

March 7th


Still beautiful weather.  Clear, bright & slightly frosty.  Herbert came home last night and we all went to Wilton this afternoon.  Roberts went with us & kept us laughing all the way.  Our object was to procure ferns for Mrs Clapham – and we got some most beautiful.  Papa & I drove home together & congratulated ourselves on the beautiful weather.  The Princess Alexandra enters London today



March 8th


The beautiful weather seems to be broken up, this morning we woke to find a covering of snow.  Mr Tyreman preached this evening, capital sermon

March 9th


South E Wind with wet



March 10th


The Princess Alexandra's wedding day.  I don't know why it should be more hers than the Prince of Wales', only being a woman one feels more sympathy with her – A stormy day with continuing showers of sleet, nevertheless the town contrived to be gay with processions, games & races of all descriptions.  About 800 children walked in procession and sang an appropriate Anthem at the cross, after that had tea in the Priory Hall.  I enjoyed helping with the tea, & afterwards took a tray at the tea provided for the teachers.  We all went to the old Bank & had tea there, Aunt, Uncle, ER, John Charles & Anne Louise had tea with us, and after tea the boys let off fireworks, etc which were great fun.  Altogether a very pleasing day.  I forgot to put down a very important event –  Herbert came home on Friday, March 6th and stays till tomorrow.



March 11th


Stormy day.  Herbert left



March 17th


The weather has been the same for the last week – stormy with more or less snow daily, Wind N.E



March 18th


Finer, wind East



March 19th


West wind in the morning, turned round to the East



March 20th


Fine bright day, very cold.  North wind



March 21st


A very beautiful appearance of the Aurora Borealis.  The stars so clear & bright.  Yesterday the boys got quantities of violets in the Park Wood    Today has been a lovely day

 


[There are records of brilliant appearances of the Northern Lights in this district in the 19th century.  Miss Grace Dixon could remember another such appearance in the autumn of 1951.]



Helen Weatherill

March 22nd


A beautiful day.  Wind west

 

March 23rd


A glorious spring day.  We went to fish for things for Helen's aquarium, and certainly were successful – spent the evening at Aunt's

 

Margaret Elizabeth Weatherill

March 29th


I have neglected my diary for some time, but will endeavour to recollect some of the principal events during the interval.  The weather has been very fine and dry but not warm.  The east winds have prevailed much less than usual.  My birthday gifts on the second of April were a very pretty gold necklet, "The Lady of Garaye" [poem by the Hon. Mrs Norton], a charm service & scent.  We had no party.  Roberts came to supper



April 7th


The girls down street & Margaret Elizabeth spent the evening with us.  Mr Bowen & Roberts came in & sang some comic songs


[Dr Tony Nicholson informs me that the Revd Bowen was an accomplished musician/composer, who wrote a Te Deum and a carol that were firm favourites with Victorian churchgoers]


April 8th


Mamma went to Stockton to see Uncle Robert



April 12th


Margaret Elizabeth, Anne Louise & Aunt took tea with us



April 14th

        
Mamma went to Stockton again.  Uncle very ill.



April 20th


Poor Uncle Robert died



April 24th

        
Uncle was buried.  The day promised to be very fine but turned out stormy.  Many attended the funeral.  My cousins from Stockton & Jasper Barugh spent the day with us.

 


[Robert Corney Weatherill was buried in the churchyard of St Nicholas', Guisborough.  He was 57 years old.]

Henry Savile Clarke

April 25th


Herbert came home

 

April 26th


Spent the evening at Aunts.  Margaret Elizabeth & Mr [John] Richardson came to spend Sunday 26th.  Mr B., Uncle & Henry Clarke came up in the evening of Sunday


[Henry Savile Clarke was the son of Anne Louise's late husband by his first marriage]

 

April 27th


A practice with Mr Collins



April 28th


The Fair day.  Bitterly cold & stormy.  A thunder shower in the afternoon.  Mrs Thomas & the children took tea with us



April 29th


Bitterly cold, the wind N.E. Showers of hail.  Saw the first swallow.  Anne Louise took tea with us.  Mr M came in in the evening

April 30th


Still cold, wind N.E.  Spent the evening at Anne Louise's

 

Anne Louise Weatherill

May 1st


Quite a change.  Warm & genial.  All took tea at Aunts being John Charles' birthday.  Played at Croquet till after eight p.m.  Spent a pleasant evening



May 2nd


Positively hot.  Walked to the Park with Herbert and Mama, got hawthorn nearly out.  The woods begin to look green and the oaks are coming out



May 9th


Beautiful & [illegible] weather till this date but rather droughty.  Today lovely, quite summer like.  Herbert brought two little friends to visit him.  Went in the afternoon to play croquet down street, found Mr & Mrs Loy and Polly had arrived during my absence.  A large unexpected party to tea



May 11th


The rook shooting at Danby, and a break-up of the fine weather.  Aunt, Mamma, Helen and I drove together.  The rain commenced when we had got little better than half way to Danby and presently poured down never to cease the whole day.  It happened to be Castleton Fair & the girls enjoyed driving through the town exceedingly.  We all seemed to enjoy the day notwithstanding the wet.  The drive home was very wild

 

Thomas & Margaret (Papa & Mamma)

 May 13th


Showers, which will greatly benefit the grass.  Papa says we shall probably never live to see such another spring.  He never remembers one so genial with so little East wind



June
The day of the visitation [of the Archdeacon].  The Kirkleatham choir came and joined ours so the singing was good.  We sat in the chancel and had no organ. In the afternoon I came to Stockton


[At this time the organ was in the west gallery of the church, with the choir presumably sitting close by]

Whit Monday Miss Hunter, Annie W, Mrs W, Jane & myself went to Hartlepool and Seaton.  Walked by the sands to Seaton and had tea there.  Altogether a very pleasant day.  Had great fun in the morning watching a circus in which Tom King figured

Thursday Went to old Mrs Gibson's party.  The weather was bitterly intensely cold with East wind from the day I came till Whit Monday when it became warmer.  Came to Jane on the Friday.  Margaret Elizabeth and Anne Louise were taking tea here

June 1st


Went to see the 'Southerner' and L.F. spent the evening with us

June 2nd


Went to Middlesbrough in the boat.  Mr F. Reed took tea with us

 


[The Middlesbrough-Stockton boat was a regular way of travel between the towns]

June 3rd


The trial trip of the 'Southerner'.  Went in the boat to Middlesbrough with G.S. and little Herbert Bigland [aged 4, son of Isaac Bigland, iron broker of Stockton]



June 4th


Took tea with the Reeds & had a very pleasant evening



June 5th


Took tea with Mrs Wilson etc and enjoyed watching the people going to the circus



June 6th


A pouring wet day



Friday 19th


Went to the theatre to see Miss Lucette & was delighted with her performance.  Took tea at Mr Biglands last Monday



June 22nd


Returned home.  Mr H drove Jane, Mary, Little Jimmie and myself.  The day was tolerably fine, the drive very pleasant



June 23rd


A glorious day.  Mamma, Papa, Herbert and I walked towards the Park after tea.  Everything seemed so fresh and pure, surely the country must have a purifying influence on those who live in it, and large towns must present much greater temptations and fewer good opposing influences to their inhabitants



Saturday July 4th


We have had lovely weather since I came home.  Papa has got his seed hay and is going down to Redcar for a week



Monday July 6th

            
Kate and I joined Papa and Mamma and Herbert at Redcar.  We drove down in the afternoon with Anne Louise who went to seek for lodgings.  She had some difficulty in obtaining them, as the place was so full.

 

Kate & Mamma

July 7th

           
Anne Louise came down.  Had a game of Croquet on the sands



July 8th

           
The grand Volunteer Review day.  Corps after Corps with their respective bands poured into the town making quite an excitement.  The day intensely hot and brilliant.  Saw a number of Stokesley people among them.  T.L., R.N., Anne Louise went off in a boat with us.  It was cooler on the water.   

In the afternoon went to see the Review on the sands; our Corps were drafted off to supply deficiencies in other Corps.  Thought the Review rather stupid as I do not understand the movements.  Mr Morgan [vicar of Guisborough] and Anne Louise took tea with us.  Was too tired at night to accompany Kate and Anne Louise to the promenade concert.


[The Volunteers were the successors to the Militia.  Between 1846 and 1859 a French invasion scare prompted the formation of bands of Volunteers across the country; the movement was enormously popular amongst the burgeoning middle classes.  The Volunteers were later transformed into the Territorials.  In Guisborough a branch was sponsored by Thomas Chaloner in 1861 and the town developed a company of Volunteer artillery.  Herbert and William Weatherill were both members, and Margaret Elizabeth’s son William Richardson was later to be Hon. Colonel.]

July 9th


Went to the promenade concert in the evening



July 13th


Returned home.  Found the town quite deserted all down street & the Todds away.  Fine warm weather the evenings, so that you would like to stay out basking in the soft air and listening to the still sounds of darkness.  Drove down to Redcar on the 16th.  A great deal colder.  So cold about this time that the hands of the haymakers were numbed in the fields.



Wednesday 22nd


They returned from Scotland




Friday July 31st


Lucy came.  The day clearing we drove onto the moor in the morning



Saturday 1 August


Drove on the moor.  Another lovely day.  We did so enjoy the beauty of the moors and sea



Tuesday August 11th

           
All went down to Redcar to the meeting of the choirs, and had a most pleasant day on the whole, though it was spent chiefly in Church for we went to the practice at twelve and did not leave till about two, when we went to dinner; at three back again to Church, and the service continued till after five.  The musical part went off very well on the whole, very well, that is there were no mistakes, which is a good deal considering there were three hundred comparatively untrained singers.



Friday August 14th


Mr Morgan's picnic.  Mr Atkinson opened a tumulus in the moor near Tidkinhoe [Tidkinhow] and found two urns, the date at least one thousand five hundred years before Christ

 


[Canon Atkinson of Danby, natural scientist and archaeologist, was much engaged on the Skelton and Guisborough moors that summer]

Friday August 21st


The school feast.  A really happy day.  We drove to Hutton in the morning.  The day was warm but sunless, very pleasant for being in the open air.  How the children did enjoy the tea, and after when you thought it impossible for them to stir how they did enjoy the games.  We had spent the evening at the Parsonage and closed a very pleasant day by playing chareds [charades?] till eleven o'clock



Saturday August 22nd


Took tea down street.  E. Blanchard there



August 23rd


Lucy left, drove to Redcar with her.  Feel quite a bord without her



August 29th


The two previous days have been more or less wet but today is fine so the corn will not suffer I hope.  Papa's was down the beginning of the week.  Walked to Tockets Lythe.  Read Willis Cruise in the Mediterranean ['Summer Cruise in the Mediterranean' by Nathaniel Parker Willis].  It is interesting, the ground of his travels is so famous, but his descriptions are poor, and his comparisons instead of raising you up, bring the sublime

 down to the commonplace.


[In September, Anne's parents went to Matlock, and Anne spent a little while visiting Mr & Mrs Hart at Carlton.  Her sister Kate had been to stay there at the beginning of the year.  Robert and Cecilia Hart may have been related to Anne's mother.  The 1871 Census shows them farming at Faceby Grange.]

September 1st


Had a walk in the evening with Papa, Mamma, W and Roberts to Airy Hill in search of mushrooms.  This walk and one we had on Saturday eve: seem to have stamped themselves on my memory, so much more strongly and pleasingly than many other so called days of pleasure, the first on account of the beauty of the scene – the purple moor, dark woods, the rising moon throwing a vernal hue over the grass fields seeming to slope from the soft grey blue sky.  The latter because a solitary seat above the peaceful valley raised my mind above the struggles and cares of daily life & enabled me to look closely around me, recall the past & anticipate the future.  How much more one lives in such moments than in the exciting turmoil of every day life & more especially than in the bewildering whirl of so-called fast life

September 3rd


Papa & Mamma went to Matlock



September 4th


Continued wet weather, though intermittently so.  I drove to Carlton, found Polly Loy had preceded me.  Mr H will go into Norfolk tomorrow on account of Mrs Hubbard's illness



Sunday September 6th


A finer day – walked to Faceby church in the afternoon but were dismissed with half a sermon.  Mrs & Polly Loy drove on



September 7th


A finer day.  The corn will get led and quite time.  Walked in the morning.  E. Nightingale [Ellen, aged 22, whose brother Richard farmed at Faceby Lodge] & S.L. took tea with us



September 8th


Mr H came home late most unexpectedly



September 9th


Took tea at Faceby



September 10th


Walked up Carlton Bank in the afternoon, a beautiful day.  The sun threw a mist in the west and N.W but it softened rather than obscured the landscape.  The heather was in full bloom.  Altogether the finest view I have ever seen, though I will not say my favourite.  Helen [Ellen] Nightingale pioneered us up the hill, & R came in the evening, cards etc



Friday


Walked on the Faceby Road with Mrs Hart in the morning & in the afternoon went to see a new farm house Mr H has planned.  The house is delightfully situated commanding a view of the Carlton Hills with Roseberry to the East.  Polly and I both feel sorry that this will probably be our last visit to Carlton, and that it may be a long time before we have the pleasure of visiting Mrs Hart again.

 

 

 

Here the diary ends

 

 

Clara Weatherill

The diary captures a happy year for the Weatherill families in Guisborough.  It was not to last.



Only a few months later, in January 1864, an enjoyable party in Middlesbrough ended in tragedy when Anne's cousin Clara accidentally set her dress alight with a candle on her return to her sister's house in Sussex Street.



She was "dreadfully burnt and very ill", John Stubbs wrote sadly in his diary.  She died a fortnight later.



Anne died the following year, on 6 November 1866 – family tradition has it that she died of tuberculosis.

 

During the 1870s hardly a year went by without a death in the Weatherill families.

Herbert Weatherill


George Weatherill, Anne's cousin, died in 1872, his father William in 1873.



Dr John Richardson died in 1874.



Anne's brother Herbert died in 1875 – he was 27 years old.

  

Anne's father Thomas and his sister Elizabeth died in 1876.



Her brother William died in 1877 aged 32, leaving a widow and two small children.

 

William Weatherill jnr & Tom


The 1880s were to prove little better.



In 1880 there were three deaths – Anne's aunt Ann, her daughter Emma and her granddaughter Annie Richardson, who had married Alfred Cochrane.



Anne's widowed cousin Anne Louise, whose first husband was the Revd Henry Clarke, married a leather merchant called William Hodgson in 1871 and was widowed again less than ten years later; she died in 1882.



In 1884 Anne's sister Kate, who had married the solicitor Arthur Buchannan ten years earlier, died aged 42 leaving three children under the age of ten.

 

By 1885 only Margaret Elizabeth Richardson, Helen Clarke and John Charles Weatherill remained of the twelve cousins – and John Charles was in some way disgraced, possibly bankrupt.



That year, Margaret Elizabeth married her cousin Kate's widower, Arthur Buchannan.  She was some twelve years older than he, and took care of him as his health declined.  He died in 1895.



In 1894 Margaret Elizabeth's son William Richardson, a solicitor who was in partnership with his stepfather Arthur, married his second cousin (and stepsister) Averil Buchannan.  In 1898 Averil's sister Margaret Isobel married a young Middlesbrough solicitor – Thomas Duncan Henlock Stubbs, the son of John Richard Stubbs.

 

Note added 13 November 2015


Anne's diary is now at the North Yorkshire County Record Office.



I have recently obtained her death certificate, which shows that she died of

"Phthisis [tuberculosis] 9 months – Abscess of Lungs 3 months – Diarrhoea 12 hours”  

So the poor girl's last months and hours were obviously very distressing.