Farmer of Tidkinhow


Martin Farndale
19 September 1845 to 17 January 1928 








The Kilton 1 Line

The Tidkinhow Line


The Farndales of Tidkinhow













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General Sir Martin Farndale KCB



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Martin Farndale, was born at Fogga Farm near Skelton on 19 September 1845m the son of Martin and Elizabeth Farndale (FAR00264), a farmer of Fogga. He was baptised on 20 October 1845 (Skelton PR & IGI). He was he was aged 5 and born at Skelton. Certainly his birth is recorded in Skelton Parish Register as "Born September 19th 1845 and baptised on October 20th 1845 as son of Martin Farndale." Although all his brothers recorded at Somerset House, Martin's birth is not recorded there. The family consisted of four boys, William (born 1842), Martin (born 1845), John (born 1848) and Matthew (born 1850).


His father, Martin, was working on the farm which belonged to James Taylor, his father-in-law. His mother, Elizabeth (nee Taylor) seems to have been James' only child and heiress. Martin was in fact the second son of Martin and Elizabeth.




At the time of the 1851 census the young Martin Farndale was listed is listed as grandson to the owner of the house he was living in (ie to James Taylor of Fogga). The 1851 Census shows the family at Skelton- Fogga Farm comprising James Taylor, head, aged 74, widower, born Barnby, farmer of 70 acres; Elizabeth Farndale, 40, married, daughter of James Taylor, wife of Martin Farndale, born at Fylingdales; Martin Farndale, 33, married, born Easby, Son-in-law; William Farndale, son of Martin, aged 8, born Skelton, grandson of James Taylor (FAR00356);
Martin Farndale, son of Martin Farndale the Elder, aged 5, born Skelton, grandson of James Taylor (FAR00364); John Farndale, son of Martin Farndale the Elder, aged 2, born Skelton, grandson of James Taylor (FAR00376); and Matthew Farndale, son of Martin Farndale the Elder, aged 9, born Skelton, grandson of James Taylor (FAR00383).




Martin's eldest brother died at Skelton, aged 11, of inflammation of the chest on 29 January 1854. Martin was aged 9 at this time. He was probably going to school at Skelton.




The Census of 1861 for 61 Galey Hill, Hutton Lowcross listed Martin Farndale, head; married; aged 42; agricultural labourer; born Easby (Martin’s father); Elizabeth Farndale, his wife; aged 44; born Skelton; John Farndale, son; aged 12; scholar; born Skelton (FAR00376); and Matthew Farndale, son; aged 10; scholar; born Skelton (FAR00383). Martin Farndale Junior, who would then have been aged 16, was not listed in the census so must have been away for some reason.




Martin’s father died at Guisborough on 12 July 1862 of empyma and at this time Martin was 17. There is a family story that his father had been kicked by a horse.

For the next 14 years it appears that Martin grew up in the Skelton /Brotton area. He probably went on working for his maternal grandfather for some time, taking on some responsibility for looking after his two younger brothers and his mother.




The Census of 1871 for Brough House, Brotton recorded John Rigg, head, 47; Martin Farndale, 25, born 1846, agricultural labourer and four others.




By 1873, Martin Farndale was an ‘in door farm servant’ but also working in the mines. The Northern Echo 11 July 1873:  THE CLEVELAND OWNERS AND MINERS. MR RUPERT KETTLE’S AWARD. JUDGEMENT AGAINST ANY ADVANCE. We are at length in a position to announce the nature of Mr Rupert Kettle's award in the dispute between the mine owners and the miners of Cleveland, one which has been looked forward to with eager interest by all classes of the community. As a prelude to setting forth the text of this important award, all we need to do is very briefly to recapitulate some of the leading features of the dispute referred to. In March last an application was made by the miners of Cleveland for an advance of 2d per ton upon their output of ironstone, being equal to about 12% upon the rates then current; a demand being, at the same time, also made by other classes of work when employed at the mines, for an increase of 10% in their wages. The masters replied to the men was that, looking at the advances already given, and the wages earned, as well as the ability of the men to earn more, they could not accede to the demand. At this, the Cleveland owners formed themselves into an Association, upon similar a similar basis to what had in 1872 being done by the collier owners of the county of Durham...


After much negotiation and I'm sorry to say, a stoppage of production for a considerable time in this great mining district, it was agreed, at a meeting of representatives of miners and mine owners, held on the 28th of may, as follows: “That it be left to an Arbitrator to determine whether the wages of the Cleveland miners should be advanced or reduced, and to what extent, measured by the standard of wages now prevailing in such industries in the north of England as the Arbitrator may deem it reasonable to consider in making his award.” The contending parties requested me to undertake the duties of Arbitrator; And all preliminary arrangements having been made, and the case on both sides prepared, an Arbitration meeting was commenced at Saltburn on the 23rd of June. Witnesses were examined by each party, and much valuable information was given on both sides by means of extracts from account books, and by carefully prepared statistical tables, upon every subject bearing upon the matter in dispute. At the close of our settings, I was prepared to give my award; but as trade arbitration law is new to the Cleveland...


There was also much uncertainty of opinion as to the time which elapses before an ordinary labourer becomes a thoroughly practical miner. Upon the main point, however, the workmen's witnesses confirmed, so far as individual cases can be said to confirm the results of statistics taken over a wide range, the case made out by the employers. Martin Farndale, an indoor farm servant seven months ago, was now earning 7s 10d a shift. Richard Vayro, a farm labourer, after nine months working in the mines, was earning 8s 1d a shift. These were said to be exceptional, because they worked a “Pick Place”....


The Northern Echo, 25 July 1873: THE LATE ARBITRATION IN CLEVELAND. To the Editor of the Northern Echo. Sir, will you kindly allow me space in your paper to say a few words in my defence, in connection with the late arbitration at Saltburn, as I understand Mr Shepherd stated at a public meeting at Brotton that if the miners did not get the 2d per tonne it would be on account of the evidence given by Robert Campbell. It seems that the part objected to was that I was paying my mate 6s per day, the average wage in Cleveland being 7s, therefore leaving 8s for me. He contended that this injured our cause. Now, if the Cleveland miners will read and think for themselves, they will see that truth did not injure our cause. Mr Shepherd asserted that our average wage was 5s 11d per day; and the first two witnesses he called on our side, Mr Farndale and Richard Nayro, those men but a few months out of a farmyard, the one received 7s 10d per day, and the other 8s 1d, so that the owners could not have called two better witnesses on their part. Some say I should not have gone there; neither I should, but Mr Shepherd sent a messenger to Eston on the Monday evening for the witnesses, as he said that Mr Lee had asserted that the ironstone miner could work with his vest on, while the collier worked in a state of nudity, and the steam rising out of his back was greater than the heaviest explosion of powder in the mine ...




In December 1874, Martin Farndale took a tenancy on a small holding. On 1 December 1874 there was an Assignment of the Lease from George Coates of Lackenby, yeoman and John Harrison the younger of Darlington in Duham, to Martin Farndale of Kilton, of a parcel of land 135 square yards and the four stone houses built on it as marked on the map for the remainder of the term of 99 years (Reference U/AA/1/38, Teeside Archives. (being rehoused in the Dorman Museum))



Martin was clearly continuing to work as a miner as by 1877 Martin was described as a miner of Brotton on his marriage certificate.


Martin Farndale married Catherine Jane Lindsay, daughter of Andrew Lindsay, a shoemaker of Darlington, at St Cuthbert's Church, Darlington on 7 July 1877. He was aged 31 and she was aged 28. The ceremony was witnessed by James Mattison and Polly Thompson and the service was conducted by the Reverend T E Hodgson vicar. (BMD)


Catherine Lindsey was born at Alnwick, Northumberland on 28 Jul 1854. Her father was a shoemaker living in Queen's Head Yard, Alnwick. There is more information about her family at the Lindsey Line.

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Catherine Lindsay on 29 October 1875, shortly before her marriage            Catherine’s birth certificate


Martin and Catherine Farndale had a large family of twelve:


1.       John Farndale, born Kilton Thorpe, 22 December 1878 (FAR00553).

2.       Elizabeth Lindsay Farndale, born Kilton Thorpe, 25 January 1880 (FAR00564).

3.       Martin Farndale, born Kilton Thorpe, 8 June 1881 (FAR00571).

4.       George Farndale, born Tranmire, 9 January 1882 (FAR00588).

5.       Catherine Jane Farndale, born Tidkinhow Farm, 16 June 1884 (FAR00601).

6.       James Farndale, born Tidkinhow Farm, 22 December 1885 (FAR00607).

7.       William Farndale, born Tidkinhow Farm, September 1887 (FAR00625).

8.       Mary Francis Farndale, born Tidkinhow Farm, 22 January 1889 (FAR00634).

9.       William Farndale, born Tidkinhow Farm, 29 January 1892 (FAR00647).

10.   Grace Alice Farndale, born Tidkinhow Farm, 21 April 1893 (FAR00659).

11.   Dorothy Annie Farndale, born Tidkinhow Farm, June 1895 (FAR00668).

12.  Alfred Farndale, born Tidkinhow Farm. 5 July 1897 (FAR00683).


The story of the family is also told in the Tidkinhow Line.

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Martin, aged 32, about the time of his marriage

It appears that
the newly wedded couple moved to a cottage at Kilton Thorpe.


According to Brotton Parish Register, their eldest son John was baptised on 17 February 1878 having been born 24 December 1877. He was born "to Martin and Catherine Jane Farndale of Kilton Thorpe, a miner."




Their next child, a daughter, Elizabeth Lindsay was born two years later on 11 December 1879 and baptised at Brotton on 25 January 1850. Martin and Catherine were still living at Kilton Thorpe, but Martin Farndale was now described as a farmer.




Their third child, Martin, was born on 8 June 1881 and was baptised at Brotton on 31 July 1881 and his parents were still at Kilton-Thorpe and described as farmers.


The 1881 Census for 2 Kilton Thorpe, Kilton listed Martin Farndale, head, married, 34, an ironstone miner; John Farndale, 3 born Kilton 1878; Elizabeth Farndale, 1, born Kilton 1880.



Sometime in the next two years Martin moved to Tranmire Farm near Whitby since his next two children were born there. There is a family story that Martin asked his brother Matthew to go to make a bid for Craggs Hall Farm near Brotton. The story goes that Matthew returned saying that he'd taken the farm - for himself! True or not that is where Matthew went and Martin went to Tranmire, a farm some ten miles along the road to Whitby - a moor farm near Ugthorpe situated on Roxby Moor. Martin’s other brother John spent his life working on the railway at Loftus.


It was at Tranmire that their next son George was born in January 1883 and also their next daughter, Catherine Jane, named after her mother and always known as Kate; she was born on 16 June 1884.


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Tranmire Farm, near Ugthorpe - Martin and Catherine moved here in or about 1883 from Kilton Thorpe.




The eldest son John recalled driving sheep from Tranmire to Tidkinhow when seven years old; this would mean 1884.



The Yorkshire Herald and York Herald, 28 November 1885: AYSDALEGATE AND TIDKINHOW FARMS, Slapewath, near Guisborough. The Trustees of the late Wm Barningham are prepared to receive tenants for the letting of the whole of these valuable Old Grass Land Farms, comprising together about 2300 acres, with all their buildings. A grand opportunity either for sheep farmers or dairy keepers. Immediate possession can be given. For particulars apply to JOHN WOODFIELD, Springfield, Darlington.

By the time James was born on 22 December 1885, the family had moved to Tidkinhow farm on Stranghow Moor near Guisborough, an improvement on Tranmire. The young family were brought up at Tidkinhow and the other six children were born there.




William was born on 22 June 1887, but died only two years later on 19 July 1889.




Mary Frances was born on 22 January 1889. 




Another son also to be called William, was born in January 1891.


The 1891 Census for Red Lion Howe, Stanghow listed Martin Farndale, 46, farmer and ironstone miner; Catherine Farndale, 35; John Farndale, 12, born 1879 at Kilton; Elizabeth Farndale, 11, born 1880 at Kilton; Martin Farndale, 9, born 1882 at Kilton; George Farndale, 8, born 1882 at Kilton; Catherine J Farndale, 6, born 1885 at Ugthorpe; James Farndale, 5, born 1886, Stanghow; Mary F Farndale, 2, born 1889, Stanghow; and William Farndale, 0, born 1891, Stanghow.


The North Star (Darlington), 26 September 1891: IMPORTANT STOCK SALE IN CLEVELAND. The first of what is intended to be an annual sale of sheep at Kildale in Cleveland was held yesterday afternoon, and proved a great success. The farmers of this important sheep breeding district have hitherto sent their sheep to Goathland, near Whitby, but, owing to the great distance between the two places, it was decided at a meeting of farmers two months ago to start a sheep sale at Kildale. No fewer than 1,200 sheep were entered, the drafts being from the following farmers: -... Farndale, Tidkinhow ...




At the Loftus in Cleveland Agricultural Show, the York Herald, 15 July 1892: HORSES … Carting colt or filly foal, by Enterpriser: C Farndale; 2 R Stephenson; 3 M Farndale …




Grace Alice, named after her mother's sister and her mother's mother, Alice Lindsay, was born on 22 April 1893.




Dorothy Annie was born on 24 May 1895




Alfred was born on 5 July 1897.


The North Star (Darlington), 6 April 1897: THE CLEVELAND AUCTION MART COMPANY LIMITED, GUISBOROUGH. 8 Scotch Ewes in lamb to a Leicester Tup, from Mr M Farndale





Tidkinhow Farm, near Guisborough, about 1900 - Kate, Catherine, Alfred and Elizabeth (Lynn) - Martin and Catherine moved here in about 1885.

By now Martin was 52 and his wife, Catherine still only 43. They continued to work the farm at Tidkinhow and the eldest sons and daughters were now starting to work helping to look after the youngest who were going to school at Boosbeck.




The 1901 Census for Tidkinhow Farm, Stanghow listed Martin Farndale, head, 55, farmer; Elizabeth L Farndale, 21; Martin Farndale, 19, ironstone miner underground; Mary H Farndale, 12; William Farndale, 10; Grace A Farndale. 7; Dorothy A Farndale, 6.


At the same time, the 1901 Census for 105 Stanhope Street, Westgate, Newcastle listed Alfred Farndale aged 3 shown with Kate Farndale (born 1855) and the Heslop family from Alwick. He is shown as their nephew. So this was where Catherine (Kate) was with Alfred on Census day. 




The Whitby Gazette, 5 December 1902: SALE OF SIR JOSEPH PEASE’S FARM STOCK. On Thursday, last week, the farm stock of the Hutton hall, Bonsdale and Highcliffe farms, belonging to Sir Joseph Pease, Bart, MP, was sold by auction on the Hutton Hall Farm. The weather was fine, and there was a large attendance of buyers from various parts of North Yorkshire and South Durham. The catalogue comprised 14 horses, 40 beasts, 550 sheep, about 800 choice poultry, implements and dairy utensils. Mr Charles Turner was the auctioneer, and a start was made with the sale shortly after ten o’clock.... The sheep and pigs were next sold, and the following were the principal buyers:... Mr Farndale, Guisborough,...




On 23 August 1903 Lynn (Elizabeth Lindsay) married George Barker and went to Tancred Grange near Scorton to live. John worked on the farm.




In 1905 Martin went to try his fortune in Western Canada.




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The boys of Tidkinhow in about 1910 - John, James, Alfred, William, George, Martin (inset)



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The girl Farndales of Tidkinhow with Barker children - Willie B, Dorothy F, Mary F, Mary B, Kate F, Grace F, Margaret B, John B - about 1910.




The Whitby Gazette, 13 January 1911: PLOUGHING AND HEDGECUTTING COMPETITIONS. The Leadholm and Danby ploughing and hedge cutting competitions, which were established a year or two ago, and are the only competitions of the kind which are held in the immediate district, took place on Wednesday afternoon, at Egton. There was a large attendance and considerable interest was manifested by agriculturalists and others in the various events. Dyking was dropped out of the programme this year. The district includes the parishes of Danby, Glaisdale, Egton, Ugthorpe, Westerdale and Commondale, and competitors and spectators attended from most of the villages comprised in the area, and also from other places... The ploughing competitions were held on the land of Messrs M Farndale, W Jackson, Tynedale, and W Pearson and, and the hedge cutting on Mr Thomas Hutchinson 's land. The weather was favourable, and rain held off till the evening, when a heavy downpour took place. A luncheon was afterwards held at the Horse Shoe Inn.


The 1911 Census for Tidkinhow Farm, Boosbeck, Stanghow listed Martin Farndale, 65, farmer, head, born Charlton; John Farndale, 33; Catherine Jane Farndale, 26; William Farndale, 20, butcher; Grace Alice Farndale, 17; and Alfred Farndale, 13. At the same time the 1911 Census for Scorton, Darlington listed George Barker, head, farmer, 50, born Scorton in about 1861; Elizabeth Barker (nee Farndale), 36; Kate Margaret Barker, 6; Gladys Mary Barker, 5; William George Barker, 4; John George Barker, 2; Catherine Jane Farndale, born Alnwick in about 1855, 56, married, visitor; and Dorothy Annie Farndale, born Stanghow in about 1895, 16, single (FAR00668), visitor.


George and James followed their brother Martin to Alberta in 1911. James would spend his late life in the United States.


On 14 July 1911, Catherine Jane Farndale died at Tidkinhow aged 56; she was buried at Boosebeck Parish Church.


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Catherine Jane Farndale



Martin was now alone at the farm, but surrounded by his family, though now five were in Canada, two (Lynne and Mary) were married and one, the first William, had died. John the eldest was on the farm and Grace, by now 18 and Dorothy 16 were there to help bring up the youngest, Alfred, aged 14.




The Canada bug hit the family hard and Kate went in 1913 to join her brothers. She never returned to England. Meanwhile William had become a butcher, but also emigrated to Canada in 1913, settling in Saskatchewan.




When the war came in 1914 three of the boys became soldiers. James joined the American forces and fought in France. Soon he was joined by William, serving in the Canadian Army who was wounded near Ypres in 1917 and then by Alfred who served from 1916 to 1920 as a British soldier in the Machine-Gun Corps in France and Mesopotamia.



After the war James returned to America where in September 1917, he had married Edna Adams. William returned to Canada where he too intended to marry, but tragically he died on 20 November 1919 from the flu, contracted when he was still weak from his was wound. Alfred returned to Tidkinhow in March 1920. But George Barker, Lynn's husband at Tancred Grange had died in about 1920 and their young family were unable to cope alone.




Mary remained at home until she was married to George Brown in 1920 and went to live in Leeds.


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Martin harvesting at Tidkinhow about 1920                                                          Martin Farndale mounted at Tidkinhow in about 1920




Alfred was helping out at the Barker Farm at Tancred Grange and stayed until 1921 before he returned home to help at the farm. The 1921 Census listed Martin Farndale, 75, a widower, farming, employed on his own account, and living at home; John Farndale, his son, 43, single; Dorothy Farndale, his daughter, 25, single; Alfred Farndale, 23, single, his son, farming; William Barker, whose father had died, 14 years old, full time at school.




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Martin at Tidkinhow Farm about 1925 (notice sundial between upstairs windows)



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Martin Farndale at Tancred Grange in about 1925 - his daughter, Lynn Barker, lived there.


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Martin Farndale, George Brown, Grace Farndale, Willie Barker, and Mary Brown (nee Farndale)





Alfred remained at home until Martin died on 17 January 1928, aged 82, of pneumonia. Martin is buried beside Catherine Jane at Boosebeck Parish Church where there is an inscription which says "Catherine Jane Farndale, Died 14 July 1911 aged 56 years, also MARTIN, Beloved Husband of the above, Died 17 January 1928 aged 82 years of Tidkinhow Farm." (BMD and family knowledge).


From an undated Newspaper cutting:  ‘Farndale; At Tidkinhow Farm, Boosbeck, on 17th January 1928, Martin Farndale died in his 83rd year. To be interred at Boosbeck on Friday 21 cortege leaving Residence at 1.30 pm. Friends kindly invited.’

Gravestone in Boosbeck St Aidan Churchyard: Catherine Jane Farndale died 14 July 1911 aged 56 years, wife of Martin Farndale, a farmer. She died of Fibroid Phthisis, cardiac failure, certified by WW Stainthorpe MD (Catherine's death certificate)  Also Martin, beloved husband of the above, died 17th January 1928 aged 82 years of Tidkinhow Farm. (Mon R)


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Notice in The Official Gazette, 2 April 1929, winding up the estate: Re MARTIN FARNDALE, Deceased. Pursuant to Statute 15 Geo V, c19. Notice is hereby given that all creditors and other persons having any debts, claims or demands against the estate of Martin Farndale, later Tidkinhow Farm, Boosbeck, in the county of York, farmer, deceased, who died on the 17th day of January, 1928, and whose will was proved in the Principal Registry of the Probate Division of his Majesty's High Court of Justice on the second day of March, 1928, by Elizabeth Lindsay Barker, the executrix named therein, are hereby required to send in the particulars of their claims or demands to us, the undersigned, the solicitors for the said executrix, on or before the 3rd day of June, 1929, after which date the said executrix will proceed to distribute the assets of the said deceased amongst the persons entitled thereto, having regard only to the claims and demands of which she shall then have had notice; And she will not be liable for the assets of the said deceased, or any part thereof, so distributed, to any persons of whose debts, claims or demands she shall not then have had notice. Dated this 26th day of March 1929. Buchanan Richardson and Barugh, Town Hall, Guisborough. Solicitors for the said executrix.

FARNDALE, Martin of Tidkinhow Farm, Boosbeck,. Yorkshire died 17 January 1928. Probate London, 2 March to Elizabeth Lindsay Barker, widow. Effects £451 15s.